Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål, 1775)

Sammara squirrelfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Neoniphon sammara   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Neoniphon sammara (Sammara squirrelfish)
Neoniphon sammara
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Neoniphon: Greek, neos = new + Greek, niphon = to snow (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 0 - 46 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 30°N - 32°S, 31°E - 123°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, the Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 15.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 9710); common length : 23.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 9948)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 11; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 11-13; Afterflossenstacheln 4; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 7 - 8. Pinkish silvery above, silvery below; a dark red to black spot on each scale. Reddish stripe along LL (Ref. 4201). Outer margin of caudal lobes and anterior soft rays of dorsal and anal fins reddish; pectoral fins pale pink, pelvic fins white (Ref. 4201).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Often found with branching Acropora coral (Ref. 9710). Most common Neophion found in shallow areas (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 30573), small crabs, and shrimps at night. Venomous spine at the corner of its preopercle. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9948). Solitary (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Randall, John E. | Partner

Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra, 1986. Holocentridae. p. 415-427. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4201)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Venomous (Ref. 2334)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Aquarium: Kommerziell; Köder: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 954 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.01057 - 0.02489), b=2.99 (2.86 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (K=0.5).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.