Thyrsites atun (Euphrasen, 1791)

Snoek
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Thyrsites atun   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thyrsites atun (Snoek)
Thyrsites atun
Picture by Le Noury, P.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gempylidae (Snake mackerels)
Etymology: Thyrsites: Greek, thyrsites, -ou = stalk of a plant, an ornament like a pine cone borne by Bacchus (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser benthopelagisch; ozeanodrom; tiefenbereich 0 - 550 m (Ref. 6390), usually 100 - 500 m (Ref. 6181).   Subtropical; 13°C - 18°C (Ref. 6181); 21°S - 56°S, 75°W - 177°E (Ref. 54924)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Southwest Atlantic: Uruguay, Argentina and Tierra del Fuego. Eastern Atlantic: Tristan da Cunha and South Africa. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and the St. Paul and Amsterdam islands. Eastern Indian Ocean: Tasmania and southern coast of Australia. Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and southern coast of Australia. Southeast Pacific: southern Peru, Chile, and Tierra del Fuego.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - 60 cm
Max length : 200 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3630); common length : 75.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 6181); max. veröff. Gewicht: 6.0 kg (Ref. 6181); max. veröff. Alter: 10 Jahre (Ref. 28892)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 19 - 21; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 113; Afterflossenstacheln 1; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 10 - 12; Wirbelzahl: 35. Body elongate and strongly compressed. Lateral line single, running close to the upper contour of the body below most of the first dorsal-fin base then abruptly curving ventrally. Body is dark blue, slightly paler on belly; first dorsal fin membrane black (Ref. 6181).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inhabit continental shelves or around islands. Feed on pelagic crustaceans (Euphausia, Nyctiphanes), cephalopods and fishes (Ref. 6181) like anchovy and pilchard (Ref. 36731). Form schools near the bottom or midwater; sometimes even at the surface at night (Ref. 6181). Prefers temperature between 13° and 18°C (Ref. 36731). Marketed fresh, smoked, canned and frozen; eaten fried, broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Good for fish and chips or smoking; also made into fillet or fish cake in Japan (Ref. 6181).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Spawning patterns are complex, with different stock spawning at different times of the year (Ref. 6390).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Parin, Nikolay V. | Partner

Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes,. scabbardfishes, hairtails, and frostfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(15):136 p. (Ref. 6181)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: hoch kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Fischereien: production, Artbeschreibung; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

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Vorkommen
Einführungen
Stocks
Ökologie
Nahrung
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Nahrungsmenge
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Ablaichen
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Eier
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.2 - 16, mean 11.2 (based on 285 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00252 - 0.00757), b=3.07 (2.91 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (tm=2-4; tmax=10).
Prior r = 0.53, 95% CL = 0.35 - 0.80, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.