Chondrostoma nasus, Common nase : fisheries, aquarium

Chondrostoma nasus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common nase
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Image of Chondrostoma nasus (Common nase)
Chondrostoma nasus
Picture by Hänfling, B.

Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes(род, виды) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chondrostoma: Greek, chondros = cartilage + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). Name referring to the characteristic horny layer on the lower lip (Ref. 57917).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

; пресноводный донно-пелагический; мигрирует в реке (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 56°N - 37°N, 0°E - 35°E

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Europe: Basins of Black (Danube, Dniestr, South Bug and Dniepr drainages), southern Baltic (Nieman, Odra, Vistula) and southern North Seas (westward to Meuse). Invasive or introduced in Rhône, Loire, Hérault, Seine (France) and Soca (Italy, Slovenia) drainages. Reports from the Drin drainage including Lakes Ohrid and Skadar represent a distinct species. In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). Asia: Turkey.

Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 556); common length : 25.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 556); наибольший вес (опубликованные данные): 1.5 kg (Ref. 556); наибольший возраст (опубликованны данные): 15 годы (Ref. 30578)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 8-10; колючие лучи анального плавника 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 9 - 11; позвонки: 47 - 48. Diagnosed from congeners in Black and Caspian Sea basins by the following characters: straight mouth in individuals larger than 20 cm SL, lower lip with thick cornified sheath; dorsal fin with 9½ branched rays; anal fin with 10-11½ branched rays; scales on lateral line 52-66 (usually 60-63); eye large, diameter 50-65% of interorbital distance; and side lacking broad dark midlateral stripe. Differs from species of Chondrostoma, Protochondrostoma and Parachondrostoma in Atlantic, Adriatic and Mediterranean basins of France, Italy and Slovenia by having the following features: mouth straight, lower lip with thick cornified sheath; 27-36 gill rakers; anal fin with 10-11½ branched rays; and pectoral, pelvic, anal and caudal fins red (Ref. 59043). (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 19 to 21 rays (Ref. 40476).

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Gregarious. Adults occur in fairly shallow water with fast current, often beside the swirls created by piles of bridges or rocks (Ref. 30578). They inhabit moderate to fast-flowing large to medium sized rivers with rock or gravel bottom. Larvae occur below surface and feeding larvae inhabit along shores. Early juveniles live on the bottom in very shallow shoreline habitats. When growing, they move from the shore for faster-flowing waters. Juveniles overwinter in backwaters or in cavities along shores. During winter, adults form dense swarms in lower parts of rivers. Larvae and early juveniles prey on small invertebrates while larger juveniles and adults feed on benthic diatoms and detritus. Adults migrate upstream some tens of km to spawning sites which are often located in tributaries. Spawning occurs in fast flowing water on shallow gravel beds (Ref. 556, 59043). Its flesh is good but bony (Ref. 30578). Locally threatened by damming, destruction of spawning sites and pollution. In drainages where they are introduced, they outcompete and eliminate Parachondrostoma toxostoma in Rhône and Protochondrostoma genei in Soca (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Migrates some tens of km to spawning sites, which are often located in tribbutaries. Males form large aggregations, each male defending a small territory. Females spawn only once a year and in some populations, during a very short period of 3-5 days. Females lay sticky eggs into excavations made in gravel (Ref. 59043).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор | соавторы

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Harmless





Использование человеком

рыболовство: не имеет хозяйственного значения; аквариум: общественные аквариумы
FAO - рыболовство: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

дополнительная информация

народные названия
синонимы
обмен веществ
хищники
экотоксикология
размножение
половая зрелость
нерест
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
икра
Развитие икры
Возраст/Размеры
рост
Зависимость между длиной и массой тела
Зависимость между длинами
Размерный состав
морфометрия
морфология
личинки
динамика численности личинок
пополнение
численность
BRUVS
ссылки
аквакультура (рыбоводство)
особенности рыбоводства
степень растяжения
генетика
частоты аллелей
наследуемость
болезни
обработка
Nutrients
Mass conversion
соавторы
изображения
Stamps, Coins Misc.
звуки
Ciguatera
скорость
тип плавания
жаберная область
Otoliths
мозг
зрение

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00437 - 0.01257), b=3.12 (2.98 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  средний (среднего размера), минимальное время удвоения популяции 1.4-4.4 года (tm=3-4; tmax=15; Fec=10,000-40,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Категория цены (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 58.3 [29.8, 113.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.841 [0.443, 1.554] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.5, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.712 [0.352, 1.414] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.1 [5.1, 40.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 19.2 [6.9, 58.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.569 [0.382, 1.089] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.