Chondrostoma nasus, Common nase : fisheries, aquarium

Chondrostoma nasus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common nase
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Chondrostoma nasus
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chondrostoma: Greek, chondros = cartilage + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). Name referring to the characteristic horny layer on the lower lip (Ref. 57917).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; Água doce bentopelágico; potamódromo (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 56°N - 37°N, 0°E - 35°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Europe: Basins of Black (Danube, Dniestr, South Bug and Dniepr drainages), southern Baltic (Nieman, Odra, Vistula) and southern North Seas (westward to Meuse). Invasive or introduced in Rhône, Loire, Hérault, Seine (France) and Soca (Italy, Slovenia) drainages. Reports from the Drin drainage including Lakes Ohrid and Skadar represent a distinct species. In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). Asia: Turkey.

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 556); common length : 25.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 556); peso máx. publicado: 1.5 kg (Ref. 556); idade máx. registrada: 15 anos (Ref. 30578)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 3; Raios dorsais (total): 8-10; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais : 9 - 11; Vértebras: 47 - 48. Diagnosed from congeners in Black and Caspian Sea basins by the following characters: straight mouth in individuals larger than 20 cm SL, lower lip with thick cornified sheath; dorsal fin with 9½ branched rays; anal fin with 10-11½ branched rays; scales on lateral line 52-66 (usually 60-63); eye large, diameter 50-65% of interorbital distance; and side lacking broad dark midlateral stripe. Differs from species of Chondrostoma, Protochondrostoma and Parachondrostoma in Atlantic, Adriatic and Mediterranean basins of France, Italy and Slovenia by having the following features: mouth straight, lower lip with thick cornified sheath; 27-36 gill rakers; anal fin with 10-11½ branched rays; and pectoral, pelvic, anal and caudal fins red (Ref. 59043). (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 19 to 21 rays (Ref. 40476).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Gregarious. Adults occur in fairly shallow water with fast current, often beside the swirls created by piles of bridges or rocks (Ref. 30578). They inhabit moderate to fast-flowing large to medium sized rivers with rock or gravel bottom. Larvae occur below surface and feeding larvae inhabit along shores. Early juveniles live on the bottom in very shallow shoreline habitats. When growing, they move from the shore for faster-flowing waters. Juveniles overwinter in backwaters or in cavities along shores. During winter, adults form dense swarms in lower parts of rivers. Larvae and early juveniles prey on small invertebrates while larger juveniles and adults feed on benthic diatoms and detritus. Adults migrate upstream some tens of km to spawning sites which are often located in tributaries. Spawning occurs in fast flowing water on shallow gravel beds (Ref. 556, 59043). Its flesh is good but bony (Ref. 30578). Locally threatened by damming, destruction of spawning sites and pollution. In drainages where they are introduced, they outcompete and eliminate Parachondrostoma toxostoma in Rhône and Protochondrostoma genei in Soca (Ref. 59043).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Migrates some tens of km to spawning sites, which are often located in tribbutaries. Males form large aggregations, each male defending a small territory. Females spawn only once a year and in some populations, during a very short period of 3-5 days. Females lay sticky eggs into excavations made in gravel (Ref. 59043).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 125652)

  Segura ou pouco preocupante (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 March 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: pouco comercial; Aquário: Aquários públicos
FAO - pescarias: desembarques; Publication: search | FishSource |

Mais informação

Nomes comuns
Sinônimos
Metabolismo
Predadores
Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Agregação de desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Idade/Tamanho
Crescimento
Peso-comprimento
Comprimento-comprimento
Frequências de comprimento
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larvas
Dinâmica larval
Recrutamento
Abundância
BRUVS
Referências
Aquacultura
Perfil para aquacultura
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Genética
Frequências alélicas
Hereditariedade
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Processamento
Nutrients
Conversão de massa
Colaboradores
Fotos
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
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Tipo de natação
Área branquial
Otólitos
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Relatórios especiais

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Fontes da internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Checar Observador de Peixes (FishWatcher) | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gênero, Espécies | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - pescarias: desembarques; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoma, nucleotídeo | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de dados nacionais | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquários públicos | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia: Ir para, procura | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Registro zoológico

Estimates based on models

Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00437 - 0.01257), b=3.12 (2.98 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (tm=3-4; tmax=15; Fec=10,000-40,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 58.3 [29.8, 113.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.841 [0.443, 1.554] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.5, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.712 [0.352, 1.414] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.1 [5.1, 40.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 19.2 [6.9, 58.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.569 [0.382, 1.089] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.