Aphanius iberus (Valenciennes, 1846)

Spanish toothcarp
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | 谷歌图片
Image of Aphanius iberus (Spanish toothcarp)
Aphanius iberus
Picture by Terceira, A.C.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 8 - 10; 非迁移的.   溫帶; 10°C - 32°C (Ref. 1672); 42°N - 34°N, 3°W - 1°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe: Spain along Mediterranean coast from 30 known localities (now extirpated in 14 of them). Historical records from near Perpignan, France now extirpated. Populations from Algeria and the Atlas along Morocco-Algeria border have long been identified as Aphanius iberus but they belong to Aphanius saourensis and other, unnamed and possibly extinct, species (Ref. 59043). In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
歐洲: 在西北部的阿爾及利亞, 南部和東部西班牙。 在伯恩公約的附錄 3 中 (受保育的動物群).

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3788); 5.4 cm TL (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 9-11; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 7 - 10. Can be diagnosed from other species of Aphanius, Valenciidae and Fundulidae in Europe by having the following characters: males possess a hyaline to bluish-grey caudal fin, with 2-5 dark grey bars, 10-20 dark grey to dark blue bars on a silvery background, bars usually irregularly shaped and set, often connected, breaking up into a mosaic of dark blue and silvery spots along back and in posterior part of body; females have numerous dark brown spots on sides and back; 23-27 scales in lateral line series on body; pectoral fin with 9-10 rays; and anal fin with 7-8 rays (Ref. 59043).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits lagoons, salt marshes, swamps, estuaries and freshwaters. Euryhaline, occurring in water bodies with salinities ranging from freshwater to 57 ppt (Ref. 59043). Occurs in lowland water with little current. Spawns from April to September. Is an egg-laying carnivorous fish which is used for mosquito control (Ref. 26100). This short-lived species is now threatened throughout its entire range because of habitat destruction and because of the introduction of Gambusia affinis (Ref. 3788). Not a seasonal killifish. Is easy to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139).

被用来控制蚊子的 的一个卵生肉食性鱼是。 出现于沼泽,泻湖与低地水体水流很少的地方。 从四月到九月产卵。 (参考文献 26100) 这生命期短的种现在在它的整个范围各处被威胁由于栖息地破坏与由于 大肚鱼[Gambusia affinis] 的引入。 (参考文献 3788) 不是一个季节性的鱂科鱼类。 容易在水族馆维持。 (参考文献 27139)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

歐洲: 在西北部的阿爾及利亞, 南部和東部西班牙。 在伯恩公約的附錄 3 中 (受保育的動物群).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  濒危 (EN) (A2ce); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

更多信息

国家
FAO区域
生态系
标本纪录
简介
Stocks
生态学
食性
食物相
食物消耗量
定量
俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00558 - 0.01561), b=3.20 (3.07 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (tm=0.5; K>0.3).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .