Aphanius iberus (Valenciennes, 1846)

Spanish toothcarp
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Aphanius iberus
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) 鱂形目 (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes) 鯉齒鱂科 (Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水; 半鹹淡水 底中水層性; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 8 - 10; 非遷移的.   溫帶; 10°C - 32°C (Ref. 1672); 42°N - 34°N, 3°W - 1°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Europe: Spain along Mediterranean coast from 30 known localities (now extirpated in 14 of them). Historical records from near Perpignan, France now extirpated. Populations from Algeria and the Atlas along Morocco-Algeria border have long been identified as Aphanius iberus but they belong to Aphanius saourensis and other, unnamed and possibly extinct, species (Ref. 59043). In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
歐洲: 在西北部的阿爾及利亞, 南部和東部西班牙。 在伯恩公約的附錄 3 中 (受保育的動物群).

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3788); 5.4 cm TL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 9-11; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 7 - 10. Can be diagnosed from other species of Aphanius, Valenciidae and Fundulidae in Europe by having the following characters: males possess a hyaline to bluish-grey caudal fin, with 2-5 dark grey bars, 10-20 dark grey to dark blue bars on a silvery background, bars usually irregularly shaped and set, often connected, breaking up into a mosaic of dark blue and silvery spots along back and in posterior part of body; females have numerous dark brown spots on sides and back; 23-27 scales in lateral line series on body; pectoral fin with 9-10 rays; and anal fin with 7-8 rays (Ref. 59043).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits lagoons, salt marshes, swamps, estuaries and freshwaters. Euryhaline, occurring in water bodies with salinities ranging from freshwater to 57 ppt (Ref. 59043). Occurs in lowland water with little current. Spawns from April to September. Is an egg-laying carnivorous fish which is used for mosquito control (Ref. 26100). This short-lived species is now threatened throughout its entire range because of habitat destruction and because of the introduction of Gambusia affinis (Ref. 3788). Not a seasonal killifish. Is easy to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139).

被用來控制蚊子的 的一個卵生肉食性魚是。 出現於沼澤,潟湖與低地水體水流很少的地方。 從四月到九月產卵。 (參考文獻 26100) 這生命期短的種現在在它的整個範圍各處被威脅由於棲息地破壞與由於 大肚魚〔Gambusia affinis〕 的引入。 (參考文獻 3788) 不是一個季節性的鱂科魚類。 容易在水族館維持。 (參考文獻 27139)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

歐洲: 在西北部的阿爾及利亞, 南部和東部西班牙。 在伯恩公約的附錄 3 中 (受保育的動物群).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  瀕危 (EN) (A2ce); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 沒有興趣; 水族館: 商業性
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00558 - 0.01561), b=3.20 (3.07 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (tm=0.5; K>0.3).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .