Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; air tawar bentopelagis. Temperate; 45°N - 40°N, 15°E - 21°E
Europe: lakes and mostly still water of rivers of the Adriatic drainages, from Croatia to Montenegro and Albania.
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.3 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 91127)
Morfologi | Morfometrik
duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 11; Sirip dubur lunak: 11. Leucos basak is distinguished from other congeners by the following characters: moderate size, usually 12.0-14.0 cm SL; lack of a mid-lateral band; body uniformly silvery in life; peritoneal membrane black; usually 36-38 pored scales on lateral line (vs. 38-43 in the other congeners). It differs from Leucos aula by the absence of lateral band and black peritoneal membrane (vs. silvery in L. aula); from L. panosi and L. ylikiensis mainly by having usually 9-10 gill rakes (vs. 18-20 in L. ylikiensis and 13-14 in L. panosi). Leucos basak is most closely related to L. albus based on molecular analyses but differs from this species by having 36-38 scales on lateral line (vs. usually 41-42 in L. albus); 9 branched dorsal rays (vs. 8 in L. albus); and blackish peritoneal membrane (vs. nearly silvery in L. albus) (Ref. 96829).
Occurs in a wide range of habitats such as warm streams and rivers with moderate to slow current, lakes, backwaters, swampy areas, and artificial water bodies (Ref. 59043). Sympatric with Leucos albus in Lake Skadar (Ref. 96829). Feeds on plankton and plant material. Spawns over gravel and stones and in flooded areas and lakes. Eggs are sticky, yellow-orange which hatch in 9 days at 13-17°C (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva
Bianco, P.G. and V. Ketmaier, 2014. A revision of the Rutilus complex from Mediterranean Europe with description of a new genus, Sarmarutilus, and a new species, Rutilus stoumboudae (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 3481(3):379-402. (Ref. 96829)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
ancaman kepada manusia
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanMass conversion
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00492 - 0.01282), b=3.17 (3.03 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278
): sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .