Misgurnus fossilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Weatherfish
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Misgurnus fossilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Misgurnus fossilis
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) > Cobitinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243).   溫帶; 4°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 62°N - 42°N, 15°E - 61°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: In Europe, north of the Alps, from Meuse eastward to Neva drainages and Lake Ladoga; northern Black Sea basin from Danube eastward to Kuban, absent on the southern section; Caspian basin in Volga and Ural drainages. Not native to Great Britain, Scandinavia, Apennine and Iberian peninsulas, Crimea, and Adriatic, Aegean and White Sea basins. Locally introduced in Rhône drainage (France) and perhaps elsewhere (Ref. 59043). In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna) (Ref. 1441).
歐洲與前蘇聯: 法國到俄國。 在伯恩公約的附錄 3 中 (受保育的動物群).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 11 - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 556); 30.7 cm TL (female); common length : 15.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 556)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 3; 背的软条 (总数): 5-6; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 8 - 11; 脊椎骨: 49 - 50. Broad midlateral stripe from eye to caudal base and narrow stripe from opercle at least to pelvic origin. Lamina circularis absent in males (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 14-16 rays (Ref. 40476).
尾鳍有 14-16个鳍条。 (参考文献 40476)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in lower reaches of slow-flowing rivers, but can also be found in still pools (Ref. 9696), on sandy bottoms of ponds, pools and ditches. Adults are nocturnal which burrow into mud during dry periods and strong frosts. Usually, burrows are 20-30 cm deep, occasionally down to 70 cm during dry periods (Ref. 59043). During the day, they stay buried in the sand. Feed on insect larvae and small mollusks. Seldom captured with hook and line (Ref. 30578). Are sensitive to pollutants which accumulate in the sediment (Ref. 11941). Facultative air-breathers (Ref. 27368). A female specimen measuring 30.7 cm TL was recorded from Netherlands (Ref. 114650).

发现于缓慢流动河的下游了, 但是也能被发现于静止的水池.(参考文献 9696) 生活于池塘,水池与沟渠的砂质底部。 在白天期间,它停留埋藏在砂中。 吃昆虫幼生与小的软件动物。 很少用一支钓捕获了。 (参考文献 30578) 它是对在沉淀物中积累的污染物质敏感.(参考文献 11941) 官能性呼吸空气的鱼类.(参考文献 27368)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Male follows female into dense vegetation and forms a complete ring around her body, behind dorsal fin (Ref. 59043).歐洲與前蘇聯: 法國到俄國。 在伯恩公約的附錄 3 中 (受保育的動物群).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 119314)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 March 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣; 诱饵: usually
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource |

更多信息

年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00241 - 0.00829), b=3.06 (2.90 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=2; Fec=100,000-150,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .