Acanthurus guttatus, Whitespotted surgeonfish : fisheries, aquarium

Acanthurus guttatus Forster, 1801

Whitespotted surgeonfish
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Acanthurus guttatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthurus guttatus (Whitespotted surgeonfish)
Acanthurus guttatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) 鱸形目 (Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) 刺尾鯛科 (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forster.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 0 - 8 m (Ref. 89972).   热带; 30°N - 30°S, 52°E - 140°W

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Indo-Pacific: oceanic islands in the western Indian Ocean to the Hawaiian, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa.
印度-太平洋: 西印度洋的大洋性岛屿到夏威夷, 马贵斯群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至琉球群岛, 南至新加勒多尼亚与拉帕岛。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9710)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 27-30; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 23 - 26. Preserved color is brown; spotted, white spots usually bordered with dark brown (may help conceal it in turbulent water that is often filled with small bubbles). Pelvic fins bright yellow. Each side of caudal peduncle with a single, sharp, forward-pointing erectile spine. Gill rakers on anterior row: 21-24; gill rakers on posterior row: 19-23.
保存标本的颜色是褐色; 有斑点又白色的斑点通常边缘了深褐色的.(可能在湍流的水中帮助隐藏它时常,那是充满小的泡沫) 腹鳍鲜黄色的。 尾梗两边具有一个单个,锐利地, 朝向前面的直立硬棘。 鳃耙在前面列: 21-24; 在后列上的鳃耙: 19-23.

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in surge zone of clear seaward reefs (Ref. 9710, 58302). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302); mainly oceanic and found schooling in shallow depths over reef flats subject to surge or currents (Ref. 48637). Browses on filamentous and calcareous algae. Forms schools.

出现于清澈临海礁石的涌浪区。 (参考文献 9710) 主要大洋性而且发现群游于在礁石平台上的深度浅的地方受涌浪或水流支配.(参考文献 48637) 吃丝状而石灰质的藻类。 形成鱼群。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 西印度洋的大洋性岛屿到夏威夷, 马贵斯群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至琉球群岛, 南至新加勒多尼亚与拉帕岛。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 1956. A revision of the surgeonfish genus Acanthurus. Pac. Sci. 10(2):159-235. (Ref. 1920)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
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Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
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声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.2 °C (based on 1389 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02884 (0.01663 - 0.05002), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 75.5 [24.4, 179.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.93 [0.36, 2.38] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.4, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.116 [0.056, 0.238] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.5 [6.6, 52.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.2 [7.1, 99.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.65 [0.83, 5.09] mg/100g (wet weight);