Parachromis managuensis (Günther, 1867)

Jaguar guapote
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Parachromis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser benthopelagisch; pH range: 7.0 - 8.7; dH range: 10 - 15; tiefenbereich 3 - 10 m (Ref. 80549).   Tropical; 25°C - 36°C (Ref. 36880); 37°N - 9°N

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Central America: Atlantic slope from the Ulua River (Honduras) to the Matina River (Costa Rica).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 40637); max. veröff. Gewicht: 1.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 17 - 18; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 10-11; Afterflossenstacheln 6-8; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 11 - 12. This species is distinguished by its large mouth, projecting lower jaw, prominent enlarged canine teeth, black spots on fins and body, a more or less continuous black stripe between the eye and opercular margin, another between the eye and the lower angle of the opercle; a row of black blotches along the middle of the side. Distinguished from other members of the genus by having the preopercle expanded at the angle. Body color silvery or golden-green to purple; back moss green, sides with purple iridescence, belly whitish or yellowish; dorsal, anal and caudal fins with numerous black spots, interspaces whitish, yellowish or with blue iridescence; a black blotch on the caudal-fin base. Breeding females with stronger crimson hue to the gill cover.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes, preferring turbid waters and mud bottoms of the highly eutrophic lakes (Ref. 7335). Found in springs and ponds over detritus and sand bottom (Ref. 5723). Commonly found in very warm, oxygen depleted inundation lakes (Ref. 8978). Highly predaceous, feeding mainly on small fishes and macroinvertebrates (Ref. 7335; 44091). Oviparous, spawns in batches (Ref. Highly esteemed as food fish (Ref. 44091). Maximum length 63 cm TL (Ref. 5723).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Deposits up to 5,000 eggs on rocks and other hard substrates; both parents guard the eggs and resulting fry (Ref. 44091). Reported to deposit up to 10,496 eggs (Ref. 80549).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Partner

Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Potential pest





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Aquakultur: kommerziell; Aquarium: Kommerziell
FAO(Aquakultur: production; Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FishSource |

Mehr Information

Namen
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Metabolismus
Räuber
Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
Eientwicklung
Alter/Größe
Wachstum
Länge-Gewicht
Länge-Länge
Längenhäufigkeiten
Morphometrie
Morphologie
Larven
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.01013 - 0.03425), b=3.07 (2.91 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Assuming tm=1-2; Fec=10,000).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.