Cobitis vardarensis Karaman, 1928

Vardar spined loach
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Image of Cobitis vardarensis (Vardar spined loach)
Cobitis vardarensis
Picture by Sediva, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) > Cobitinae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的.   亞熱帶的

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe: Aegean Sea basin from Pinios to Gallikos drainages (Greece and Macedonia). Asia: Turkey.
歐洲: 希臘與馬其頓的特有種。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 59043); 9.0 cm SL (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z4 with 13-24 well separated spots; zone Z3 wider than zone Z2, comprising several rows of small dots; dark spot at caudal base clearly visible. One lamina circularis.

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in still waters of lakes, oxbows and backwaters on mud to silt bottom, rarely in flowing water (Ref. 59043). Also occur in marshlands, lowland rivers with little current, springs and associated wetlands (Ref. 26100). A short-lived species. Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Can be diagnosed from Cobitis elongatoides and Cobitis pontica only by chromosome characters. They cannot be distinguished in the field, except by origin (Ref. 59043). Is threatened due to water abstraction and pollution (Ref. 26100). Current assessment of threat reduced to least concern (Ref. 59043).

居住于湖,沼泽地,低地河的一种生命期短的种水流很少的地方, 泉水与相连的洼地。 受到威胁的由于水资源减少与污染.(参考文献 26100)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).歐洲: 希臘與馬其頓的特有種。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00294 - 0.00816), b=3.11 (2.97 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .