Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas)
(Perch-likes) > Siganidae
Etymology: Siganus: Latin, siganus = a fish, rabbit fish; by the similarity of the nose (Ref. 45335). More on author: Rüppell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marinhas associadas(os) a recifes; intervalo de profundidade 2 - 40 m (Ref. 12382). Subtropical; 35°N - 35°S
Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf (Ref.80050); Red Sea and East Africa to islands in the western Indian Ocean. Immigrant to Mediterranean via the Suez Canal.
Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade
Maturity: Lm 14.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 30573); common length : 20.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 30573)
Espinhos dorsais (total): 13 - 14; Raios dorsais (total): 10; Espinhos anais 7; Raios anais : 9; Vértebras: 13. Regional variation in color exists. Anterior spines of median fins slender and pungent, posterior spines stout, all venomous including that on the nape. Preopercular angle 87-97 degrees. Anterior nostril with a long, broad flap covering posterior nostril when depressed. Variable cheek scalation. Midline of thorax devoid of scales between the pelvic ridges.
Found in small schools in very shallow water close to the bottom. Prefer hard bottoms of compacted sand with rock or coral debris. Solitary adults and groups of 3 or 4 adults have also been observed. Feed on a wide range of benthic algae. May suddenly stop and erect its fins (dorsal, anal and pelvic) presenting an encircling array of spines to potential predators; these spines are venomous. A food fish that is occasionally poisonous (Ref. 4537). Probably does not adapt well in captivity (Ref. 12382). A thermophilic species (Ref. 120766). Minimum depth from Ref. 9710.
The larvae maintain themselves near the water surface (Ref. 1419). Feeding on phytoplankton and zooplankton begins 3 days after hatching (Ref. 1419).
Woodland, D.J., 1990. Revision of the fish family Siganidae with descriptions of two new species and comments on distribution and biology. Indo-Pac. Fish. (19):136 p. (Ref. 1419)
Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Uso pelos humanos
Pescarias: pouco comercial
ReferênciasAquaculturaPerfil para aquaculturaEstirpesGenéticaFrequências alélicasHereditariedadeDoençasProcessamentoConversão de massa
Fontes da internet
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.8 - 29.2, mean 27 (based on 294 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.01069 - 0.01702), b=2.96 (2.91 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179
): médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.3).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .