Siganus vermiculatus (Valenciennes, 1835)

Vermiculated spinefoot
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Siganus vermiculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Siganus vermiculatus
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Siganidae (Rabbitfishes)
Etymology: Siganus: Latin, siganus = a fish, rabbit fish; by the similarity of the nose (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; brackvatten revassocierade; djupintervall 0 - 20 m (Ref. 48637), usually 0 - 15 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 19°C - 38°C (Ref. 1827); 30°N - 30°S, 77°E - 20°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, Belau [=Palau], Guam, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu, ?New Caledonia, ?Western Australia, ?Pohnpei, Caroline Islands, ?Ebon Island and Marshall Islands.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 1419); common length : 30.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 9813)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 13; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10; Taggstrålar i analfenan 7; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 9; Ryggkotor: 13. Body bluish white; head brown to brownish or golden yellow with irregular blue lines. Preopercular angle 91°-102°; strong overlapping scales cover cheeks; midline of thorax scaled, not pelvic ridges. Anterior nostril with low flange, broadened slightly posteriorly. Spines stout, blunt or pungent, and venomous.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Juveniles live among mangroves then move out to lagoon and coastal reefs as they mature. Forms schools. Feeds on algae growing on seagrasses, mangrove roots and rocks. Adults congregate inshore in groups of several hundreds to spawn in summer. Spawning is by pairs; sticky eggs laid on the bottom. Its very high quality flesh commands premium prices (Ref. 9813). Adults on coastal reefs, subject to strong currents (Ref. 48637). This species can tolerate very low salinities (2 ppt) and temperatures up to 38 C (Ref. 37816).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Throughout summer, adults form inshore breeding groups of several hundred individuals on the 7th or 8th days of the lunar month; pairs break from these groups to spawn. The species has a high fecundity of 350,000/spawning season.

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Woodland, David J. | Medarbetare

Woodland, D.J., 1990. Revision of the fish family Siganidae with descriptions of two new species and comments on distribution and biology. Indo-Pac. Fish. (19):136 p. (Ref. 1419)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 4537)





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; Vattenbruk: trolig framtida användning; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.2 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 2941 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00685 - 0.03669), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.