Drepane africana, African sicklefish : fisheries

Drepane africana Osório, 1892

African sicklefish
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Drepane africana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Drepane africana
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) > Drepaneidae (Sicklefishes)
Etymology: Drepane: Greek, drepane = sickle (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; 深度上下限 10 - 75 m (Ref. 27000), usually 20 - 50 m (Ref. 81287). 熱帶; 30°N - 17°S, 27°W - 13°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: West African coast, from Senegal to Angola (Ref. 7350, 81287). Also reported from the Canary Islands, Cape Verde (Ref. 7350) and Mauritania (Ref. 5377).
東大西洋: 加納利群島與茅利塔尼亞到安哥拉, 包括維德角。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 1380); common length : 30.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3609); 最大体重: 750.00 g (Ref. 4883)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 8 - 9; 背的软条 (总数): 17-18; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 20 - 21. Diagnosis: body deep and strongly compressed, its anterior profile very steep up to dorsal-fin origin, and strongly compressed; head small; snout short; mouth small, terminal, strongly protrusible, with fleshy lips; teeth slender and pointed, set in bands in upper jaw; roof of mouth toothless; dorsal fin deeply notched; 1st dorsal fin spine small, forward-pointing and visible only in young individuals; pectorals falcate, very long, their tips almost reaching to caudal-fin base; hind margin of caudal fin slightly rounded; pelvic fins thoracic; scales finely ctenoid, covering body, bases of dorsal and anal fins and head, except snout and preopercle; preopercular margin denticulate; lateral line strongly arched (Ref. 81287). Coloration: silvery grey, darker on back, almost white on belly; sides with a series of 8 brown, more or less faded vertical bars, always more distinct in young individuals (Ref. 81287).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Neritic species (Ref. 7350). Essentially marine, often living in groups (Ref. 81287) over sandy and muddy bottoms (Ref. 2683), between 20 and 50 m depth, and entering coastal lagoons where sexual maturation begins (Ref. 81287). Feeds of fish eggs, benthic invertebrates and detritus (Ref. 28587).

浅海的种.(参考文献 7350) 栖息于沙泥底。 (参考文献 2683) 吃鱼卵, 底栖的无脊椎动物与碎屑.(参考文献 28587)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東大西洋: 加納利群島與茅利塔尼亞到安哥拉, 包括維德角。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Desoutter, M., 1990. Ephippidae. p. 834-836. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7350)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 May 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO - 渔业: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 渔业: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.2 - 28, mean 26.1 °C (based on 132 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00734 - 0.02718), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.41 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.13-0.25).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 102 [55, 204] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.751 [0.454, 1.342] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.6 [15.5, 17.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.385 [0.180, 0.840] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.2 [19.5, 108.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 34.5 [10.2, 118.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.48 [0.92, 2.29] mg/100g (wet weight);