Drepane africana, African sicklefish : fisheries

Drepane africana Osório, 1892

African sicklefish
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Drepane africana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Drepane africana
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) > Drepaneidae (Sicklefishes)
Etymology: Drepane: Greek, drepane = sickle (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; estuarina bentopelágico; intervalo de profundidade 10 - 75 m (Ref. 27000), usually 20 - 50 m (Ref. 81287). Tropical; 30°N - 17°S, 27°W - 13°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: West African coast, from Senegal to Angola (Ref. 7350, 81287). Also reported from the Canary Islands, Cape Verde (Ref. 7350) and Mauritania (Ref. 5377).

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 1380); common length : 30.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 3609); peso máx. Publicado: 750.00 g (Ref. 4883)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 8 - 9; Raios dorsais moles (total): 17-18; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais moles: 20 - 21. Diagnosis: body deep and strongly compressed, its anterior profile very steep up to dorsal-fin origin, and strongly compressed; head small; snout short; mouth small, terminal, strongly protrusible, with fleshy lips; teeth slender and pointed, set in bands in upper jaw; roof of mouth toothless; dorsal fin deeply notched; 1st dorsal fin spine small, forward-pointing and visible only in young individuals; pectorals falcate, very long, their tips almost reaching to caudal-fin base; hind margin of caudal fin slightly rounded; pelvic fins thoracic; scales finely ctenoid, covering body, bases of dorsal and anal fins and head, except snout and preopercle; preopercular margin denticulate; lateral line strongly arched (Ref. 81287). Coloration: silvery grey, darker on back, almost white on belly; sides with a series of 8 brown, more or less faded vertical bars, always more distinct in young individuals (Ref. 81287).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Neritic species (Ref. 7350). Essentially marine, often living in groups (Ref. 81287) over sandy and muddy bottoms (Ref. 2683), between 20 and 50 m depth, and entering coastal lagoons where sexual maturation begins (Ref. 81287). Feeds of fish eggs, benthic invertebrates and detritus (Ref. 28587).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Desoutter, M., 1990. Ephippidae. p. 834-836. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7350)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 May 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

Pescarias: pouco comercial
FAO - pescarias: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

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Fontes da internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Consultar FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Género, Espécies | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - pescarias: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoma, nucleotídeo | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia: ir para, procurar | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Registo zoológico

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.2 - 28, mean 26.1 °C (based on 132 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00734 - 0.02718), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.13-0.25).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 102 [55, 204] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.751 [0.454, 1.342] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.6 [15.5, 17.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.385 [0.180, 0.840] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.2 [19.5, 108.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 34.5 [10.2, 118.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.48 [0.92, 2.29] mg/100g (wet weight);