Drepane africana, African sicklefish : fisheries

Drepane africana Osório, 1892

African sicklefish
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Image of Drepane africana (African sicklefish)
Drepane africana
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) > Drepaneidae (Sicklefishes)
Etymology: Drepane: Greek, drepane = sickle (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser benthopelagisch; tiefenbereich 10 - 75 m (Ref. 27000), usually 20 - 50 m (Ref. 81287). Tropical; 30°N - 17°S, 27°W - 13°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: West African coast, from Senegal to Angola (Ref. 7350, 81287). Also reported from the Canary Islands, Cape Verde (Ref. 7350) and Mauritania (Ref. 5377).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 1380); common length : 30.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3609); max. veröff. Gewicht: 750.00 g (Ref. 4883)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 8 - 9; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 17-18; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 20 - 21. Diagnosis: body deep and strongly compressed, its anterior profile very steep up to dorsal-fin origin, and strongly compressed; head small; snout short; mouth small, terminal, strongly protrusible, with fleshy lips; teeth slender and pointed, set in bands in upper jaw; roof of mouth toothless; dorsal fin deeply notched; 1st dorsal fin spine small, forward-pointing and visible only in young individuals; pectorals falcate, very long, their tips almost reaching to caudal-fin base; hind margin of caudal fin slightly rounded; pelvic fins thoracic; scales finely ctenoid, covering body, bases of dorsal and anal fins and head, except snout and preopercle; preopercular margin denticulate; lateral line strongly arched (Ref. 81287). Coloration: silvery grey, darker on back, almost white on belly; sides with a series of 8 brown, more or less faded vertical bars, always more distinct in young individuals (Ref. 81287).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Neritic species (Ref. 7350). Essentially marine, often living in groups (Ref. 81287) over sandy and muddy bottoms (Ref. 2683), between 20 and 50 m depth, and entering coastal lagoons where sexual maturation begins (Ref. 81287). Feeds of fish eggs, benthic invertebrates and detritus (Ref. 28587).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Desoutter, M., 1990. Ephippidae. p. 834-836. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7350)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 125652)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 May 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell
FAO - Fischereien: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Fischereien: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.2 - 28, mean 26.1 °C (based on 132 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00734 - 0.02718), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.13-0.25).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 102 [55, 204] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.751 [0.454, 1.342] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.6 [15.5, 17.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.385 [0.180, 0.840] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.2 [19.5, 108.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 34.5 [10.2, 118.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.48 [0.92, 2.29] mg/100g (wet weight);