Acanthurus achilles, Achilles tang : fisheries, aquarium

Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803

Achilles tang
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Acanthurus achilles
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 0 - 10 m (Ref. 27115), usually 0 - 4 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 28°N - 26°S, 143°E - 109°W

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Western Pacific: oceanic islands of Oceania to the Hawaiian and Pitcairn islands. Also known from Wake, Marcus, and Mariana islands. Eastern Central Pacific: southern tip of Baja California, Mexico (Ref. 9267) and other offshore islands.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 9710)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 9; 背鰭 (合計): 29-33; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 26 - 29. Dark brown, nearly black in color. Erectile spine (sharp and forward-pointing) on each side of caudal peduncle which folds down into a groove. Mouth small, snout noticeably extended. Light blue ring around chin and presence of spot of same color on gill cover at angle of gill opening. Dorsal fin with soft part having longer base than spinous part. Juveniles lack the large orange spot on caudal area.

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Occurs in clear seaward reefs, usually in groups (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on filamentous and small fleshy algae (Ref. 9267). Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Spine in caudal peduncle may be venomous. Size of metamorphosis from postlarva stage to juvenile is 6 cm (Ref. 9267). This species sometimes hybridizes with A. nigricans (Ref. 9808).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Randall, John E. | 協力者

Randall, J.E., 1956. A revision of the surgeonfish genus Acanthurus. Pac. Sci. 10(2):159-235. (Ref. 1920)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)





Human uses

水産業: 商業; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.8 - 28.3, mean 27.4 °C (based on 404 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02344 (0.01113 - 0.04936), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高い, 15か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 80.3 [26.0, 191.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.956 [0.369, 2.460] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.4, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.117 [0.057, 0.241] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.2 [6.4, 51.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.6 [7.2, 101.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.71 [0.85, 5.19] mg/100g (wet weight);