Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Pallas, 1810)

Atka mackerel
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Pleurogrammus monopterygius
Picture by Redman, M.T.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Hexagrammidae (Greenlings) > Pleurogramminae
Etymology: Pleurogrammus: Greek, pleura = side, ribe + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; djupintervall 0 - 720 m (Ref. 114138).   Boreal; 64°N - 34°N, 130°E - 118°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

North Pacific: between the middle Kuril Islands and Gulf of Alaska; including off the coast of Eastern Sakhalin, in the north of the Sea of Okhotsk, waters of Hokkaido, southern Kuril Is., and to the north up to Anadyr Bay. In the Sea of Japan, found once in northern Primorye and caught south of Moneron I. and in the open part of Peter the Great Bay (Ref. 114081). Southward range up to Redondo Beach, California (Ref.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 32.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.5 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 56527); 35.0 cm SL (female); publicerad maxvikt: 2.0 kg (Ref. 56344); rapporterad maxålder: 15 år (Ref. 55701)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 21; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 25-29; Taggstrålar i analfenan 1; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 24 - 26; Ryggkotor: 59 - 60. Adults with 5 broad blackish bands on body (Ref. 559).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

This species is found at the demersal zone and near surface over reefs and hard bottoms from intertidal zone to about 2.360 ft (719.8 m). It is preyed upon by other fishes, sea birds and marine mammals (Ref 114183).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Spawns twice a year (Ref. 28499). Eggs are deposited in rock crevices and are guarded by the male who continuously fans the egg mass with his pectoral fin until hatching (Ref. 28499), which occurs after 40-45 days (Ref. 27369).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, sök) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.7 - 6.1, mean 3.7 (based on 359 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7502   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00483 - 0.01804), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (K=0.28; tm=3.6; tmax=15).
Prior r = 0.18, 95% CL = 0.10 - 0.36, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.