Pholis ornata, Saddleback gunnel

Pholis ornata (Girard, 1854)

Saddleback gunnel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pholis ornata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pholis ornata (Saddleback gunnel)
Pholis ornata
Picture by Nichols, J.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Zoarcoidei (Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Pholidae (Gunnels) > Pholinae
Etymology: Pholis: Greek, pholis, -idos = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Girard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser demersal; tiefenbereich 0 - 50 m (Ref. 56557).   Temperate; 55°N - 36°N, 129°E - 122°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: southern British Columbia to central California, USA. Authors giving range up to northwestern Pacific classify Pholis nea Peden & Hughes, 1984 as a synonym of Pholis ornata.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 2850)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 74 - 79; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 0; Afterflossenstacheln 2; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 35 - 38. Caudal rounded. Pelvic fins minute.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found in inshore areas, on mud bottoms among eelgrass and seaweed (Ref. 2850). Feeds on small mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 2850). Both male and female guard egg mass (Ref. 2850).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous (Ref. 101786). Adhesive eggs attached to a nest substrate are brooded by both parents (Ref. 101786).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.9 - 12.5, mean 10.4 °C (based on 42 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00186 (0.00077 - 0.00451), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .