Pholis laeta, Crescent gunnel : aquarium

Pholis laeta (Cope, 1873)

Crescent gunnel
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Pholis laeta   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pholis laeta (Crescent gunnel)
Pholis laeta
Picture by Valkenier - Pope, C.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Zoarcoidei (Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Pholidae (Gunnels) > Pholinae
Etymology: Pholis: Greek, pholis, -idos = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cope.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; djupintervall 0 - 73 m (Ref. 50610).   Temperate

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Bering Sea coast of Alaska and the Aleutian Islands to Crescent City, northern California, USA. Early records might be misleading since Pholis laeta was once considered identical to Pholis ornatus and was recorded as Pholis ornatus (Ref. 4925).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2850)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 74 - 80; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Taggstrålar i analfenan 2; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 35 - 37. Caudal rounded. Pelvic fins minute.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Frequently in intertidal areas, in tide pools or under rocks protected by seaweeds (Ref. 2850). May remain out of water under rocks or seaweed (Ref. 31184). Probably feeds on small crustaceans and marine worms (Ref. 28499). Breathes air when out of water (Ref. 31184).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Male and female coil around the egg ball (Ref. 58332).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Akvarium: Offentliga akvarier
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
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Ekosystem
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Ekologi
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Lek
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Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
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referenser
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Special reports

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Offentliga akvarier | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.1 - 13.5, mean 8.9 °C (based on 232 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00186 (0.00077 - 0.00451), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.39 se; based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .