Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Günther, 1867)

Convict cichlid
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    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Female picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Male picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Female picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Juvenile picture by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Amatitlania: Named for the type locality of the type species; 'Amatitlán' means 'a place abundant in amate' in Nahuatl, 'amate' is a kind of rustic paper made from the bark of Ficus petiolaris or Ficus indica..  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; Água doce bentopelágico; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 20.   Tropical; 20°C - 36°C (Ref. 36880); 15°N - 8°N

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Central America: Pacific slope, from Río Sucio, El Salvador to Río Suchiate, Guatemala; Atlantic slope, from Río Patuca, Honduras to Río Jutiapa, Guatemala. Not in slope to Panama, Costa Rica or even Nicaragua, as formerly considered. Introduced elsewhere.

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 36377); common length : 8.5 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 12193)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 17 - 19; Raios dorsais moles (total): 7-9; Espinhos anais 8-10; Raios anais moles: 6 - 7; Vértebras: 27 - 28. This species is distinguished by the following characters: two (vs. one) distal rows of interradial scales on anal fin; arms in the first epibranchial bone are parallel (vs. divergent); posterior end of dentigerous arm of dentary rounded or squarish (vs. triple-spined or bluntly pointed); peritoneal coloration is uniformly dark (vs. not uniformly dark); rostrad directed pronounced convexity on the ventral process of the articular absent (vs. present); body less deep than as compared with its congeners kanna and siquia; 4th bar not Y-shaped (Ref. 74403).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit flowing water from small creeks and streams to the shallows of large and fast flowing rivers (Ref. 7335). Prefer rocky habitats and finds sanctuary in the various cracks and crevices provided by this type of environment (Ref. 7335), or among roots and debris (Ref. 44091). They occur in warm pools of springs and their effluents (Ref. 7020). Feed on worms, crustaceans, insects, fish and plant matter (Refs. 7020; 44091). Also used in behavioral studies (Ref. 4537). Approximately 100-150 eggs are deposited and are vigorously guarded and cared for by both male and female (Ref. 44091). A popular aquarium fish which requires high temperature to maintain itself in an environment, e.g. artificially heated waters of power stations. Aquarium keeping: in pairs; minimum aquarium size 80 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Lays eggs on cleaned surfaces of rocks. Parents incubate eggs and guard young. Tends and fans the embryos and free embryos and transfers them several times into new pits excavated in the bottom using its mouth (huddling) (Ref. 34155). Dark cavities are preferred as nests to conceal the brood and make them less conspicuous to visual predators (Ref. 38966). When in caves, single entrances are favored to reduce the probability of intrusion and are probably more manageable for the females in terms of defending their brood (Ref. 38966). Approximately 100-150 eggs are deposited and are vigorously guarded and cared for by both male and female (Ref. 44091).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Kullander, Sven O. | Colaboradores

Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2007. A systematic revision of the genus Archocentrus (Perciformes: Cichlidae), with the description of two new genera and six new species. Zootaxa 1603:1-78. (Ref. 74403)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Potential pest (Ref. 44091)





Utilização humana

Pescarias: sem interesse; Aquário: Altamente comercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Mais informação

Nomes comuns
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Predadores
Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Agregação para desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Idade/Tamanho
Crescimento
Comprimento-peso
Comprimento-comprimento
Frequência de comprimento
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larvas
Dinâmica larvar
Recrutamento
Abundância
Referências
Aquacultura
Perfil para aquacultura
Estirpes
Genética
Frequência dos alelos
Hereditariedade
Doenças
Processamento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Fotografias
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Velocidade
Tipo de natação
Área branquial
Outras referências
Cérebros
Visão

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

Descarregue XML

Fontes da internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278):  Elevada, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população menor que 15 meses (tm<1 and multiple spawning events per year; Fec=100-150).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .