Perca flavescens, American yellow perch : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

Perca flavescens (Mitchill, 1814)

American yellow perch
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Image of Perca flavescens (American yellow perch)
Perca flavescens
Male picture by N. Burkhead & R. Jenkins, courtesy of VDGIF

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Percinae
Etymology: Perca: Greek, perke = perch, a fish without identificaction (Ref. 45335);  flavescens: flavescens meaning yellow (Ref. 1998).  More on author: Mitchill.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater; brakwater benthopelagisch; diepteverspreiding ? - 56 m (Ref. 11004), usually ? - 9 m (Ref. 1998).   Subtropical; 0°C - 30°C (Ref. 35682); 65°N - 30°N, 124°W - 59°W (Ref. 86798)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

North America: Atlantic, Arctic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins from Nova Scotia to Mackenzie River drainage, Northwest Territories in Canada, and south to Ohio, Illinois and Nebraska in the USA; south in Atlantic drainages to Savannah River in Georgia, USA.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 19.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 9988); common length : 19.1 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 12193); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 1.9 kg (Ref. 40637); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 11 jaren (Ref. 12193)

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes, ponds, pools of creeks, and rivers. Also found in brackish water and in salt lakes. Most commonly found in clear water near vegetation; tends to shoal near the shore during spring (Ref. 9988, 10294). Feeds on immature insects, larger invertebrates, fishes and fish eggs during the day. Preyed upon by fishes and birds (Ref. 1998). Spawns between February and July in the northern hemisphere and between August and October in the southern hemisphere (Ref. 10999). Neither anterolateral glandular groove nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled or baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Nonobligatory plant spawner.

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2012

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless (Ref. 57406)





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja; Aquarium: Publieke aquaria
FAO(Aquacultuur: production; Visserij: production; publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00963 - 0.01572), b=3.04 (2.97 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.4 (2.6 - 3.9) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 31 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.17-0.19; tmax=11).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.