Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Wreckfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Polyprion americanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Polyprion americanus (Wreckfish)
Polyprion americanus
Female picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Polyprionidae (Wreckfishes)
Etymology: Polyprion: Greek, poly = a lot of + Greek, prion = saw (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut dasar (demersal); oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 40 - 600 m (Ref. 7251), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 36731).   Deep-water; 70°N - 55°S, 82°W - 179°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa (Ref. 6633), including the Mediterranean, Canary Islands, Madeira, Cape Verde, and Tristan da Cunha. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada and Gulf of Maine to North Carolina, USA (Ref. 7251). Recorded from Uruguay to Argentina (Ref. 9050). Western Indian Ocean: St. Paul and Amsterdam islands (Ref. 6633). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755, 9072).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 77.9  range ? - 90 cm
Max length : 210 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 7251); common length : 80.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3397); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 100.0 kg (Ref. 35388)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 10 - 12; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 11-13; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 8 - 10. Bluish grey above, paler below with a silvery sheen; fins blackish brown (Ref. 6633). Juveniles have black blotches on head and body (Ref. 6633). Body tall, compressed. Big mouth with big head and a rough bony ridge across upper part of the gill cover (Ref. 35388).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Adults prefer to inhabit caves and shipwrecks (Ref. 27121). Juveniles congregate below floating objects (Ref. 27121). Usually solitary. Feed on large crustaceans, cephalopods and benthic fishes (Ref. 27121). Spawn in the summer (Ref. 35388). Are primary gonochorists (Ref. 58421). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 6633.

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Primary gonochorists (Ref. 58421).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Sedberry, George | mitra

Wheeler, A., 1992. A list of the common and scientific names of fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 41(suppl.A):1-37. (Ref. 5204)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  sangat terancam (CR) (A2abd); Date assessed: 30 April 2003

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Ikan buruan: ya
FAO(Perikanan: production; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.2 - 19, mean 9.4 (based on 672 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.8125   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00963 - 0.01804), b=3.00 (2.91 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.64 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  Rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 4.5 - 14 tahun (K=0.05-0.08; tmax=76; tm=9-10 yrs estimated from VBGF; Fec=3 million).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Low.