Lates niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Nile perch
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Lates niloticus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lates niloticus (Nile perch)
Lates niloticus
Picture by Admassu, D.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Latidae (Lates perches)
Etymology: Lates: Latin, lateo, latere = to be hidden.  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce démersal; potamodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 10 - 60 m (Ref. 34290).   Tropical; 27°N - 7°S

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: widespread throughout the Nilo-Sudan region of Africa, occurring commonly in all major river basins including the Senegal, Niger, Volta, Chad (Ref. 81285, 81652) and Nile (Ref. 3636, 81652). Found almost everywhere in West Africa, except in Gambia (Ref. 81285). Also present in the Congo basin and lakes Albert, Turkana/Rudolph and Tana (Ref. 3636). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 74.3, range 53 - 85 cm
Max length : 200 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 58490); common length : 100.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 34290); poids max. publié: 200.0 kg (Ref. 3900)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 7 - 8; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 8-14; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 7 - 9. Diagnosis: mouth large and protrusible, lower jaw (slightly) prominent (Ref. 81285, 81652). Numerous villiform teeth present in jaws, on palate (Ref. 81285, 81652) and vomer (Ref. 81652). Preorbital/lachrymal (Ref. 4967, 81652) and preopercle (Ref. 4967, 81285, 81652) denticulate. Strong, prominent opercular spine present (Ref. 4967, 81285, 81652) on free edge of opercle, and a smaller one dorsal to it (Ref. 81652). Caudal fin rounded (Ref. 4967, 81285, 81652). Scales ctenoid, 54-74 along lateral line, followed by 6-8 pored scales on caudal-fin base; ceratobranchial (lower limb) of first gill arch with 12-14 gill rakers (Ref. 81285). Coloration: body uniformly silvery (Ref. 81285) or dark greyish-blue dorsally, greyish-silver on flank and ventrally (Ref. 34290, 81652). Fins greyish; interior of eye conspicuously yellowish (Ref. 81285). Juveniles brownish with lighter marbling (Ref. 81285) on head and flanks (Ref. 81652).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits channels, lakes and irrigation canals; adults inhabit deep water, while juveniles are found in shallow water (Ref. 81652). Feeds on fish especially clupeids and Alestes (Ref. 13851); smaller fish also feed on larger crustaceans and insects. Juveniles are planktivorous (Ref. 28714). Threatened due to over harvesting (Ref. 58490). No length type given but assumed to be in TL. Maximum reported size of 180.0 cm corresponding to a weight of 164 kg in Lake Albert (Ref. 81285).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Teugels, G.G., C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and K. Traoré, 1988. État des connaissances sur la faune ichtyologique des bassins côtiers de Côte d'Ivoire et de l'ouest du Ghana. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 21(3):221-237. (Ref. 272)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Potential pest

Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; Aquaculture: commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(Aquaculture: production; pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Rassemblement de ponte
Développement de l'œuf
Profil d'aquaculture
Fréquences alléliques
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Type de nage
Surface branchiale


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Sources Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5006   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00749 - 0.01163), b=3.04 (2.98 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.17-0.19; tm=2-3).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.