Lepomis macrochirus, Bluegill : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque, 1819

Bluegill
Uploaden van je Foto's en video's
Pictures | Videos | Google afbeelding
Image of Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill)
Lepomis macrochirus
Male picture by Lovshin, L.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Centrarchiformes (Basses) > Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012);  macrochirus: macrochirus meaning large hand, probably referring to the body shape (Ref. 10294).  More on author: Rafinesque.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater benthopelagisch; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15.   Subtropical; 1°C - 36°C (Ref. 35682); 50°N - 25°N

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes and Mississippi river basin; from Quebec to northern Mexico. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5723); common length : 19.1 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 12193); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 2.2 kg (Ref. 4699); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 10 jaren (Ref. 72462)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

A dark blue or black "ear" on an extension of the gill cover called the opercular flap; a prominent dark blotch at the base of the dorsal fin, close to the tail; typically olive-green backs, with a blue or purplish sheen along the sides; faint vertical bars may be present along the sides; breeding males may have more blue and orange coloration on their flanks (Ref. 44091).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults are found frequently in lakes, ponds, reservoirs and sluggish streams (Ref. 5723, 10294); occur primarily in reservoirs in Hawaii; preferably live in deep weed beds (Ref. 5723). Active mainly during dusk and dawn. They feed upon snails, small crayfish, insects, worms and small minnows (Ref. 5723). Young feed on crustaceans, insects and worms (Ref. 5723, 10294).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Males guard the eggs for about 7 days (Ref. 93240).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 August 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Potential pest





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van minder commercieel belang; Aquacultuur: commercieel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja; Aquarium: Commercieel
FAO - Aquacultuur: production; ; Publication: search | FishSource |

Meer informatie

Populaire namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predators
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Geslachtsrijpheid
Kuitschieten
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
Kweeklijnen
Genetica
Alleelfrequenties
Erfelijkheid
Ziekten
Verwerking
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Medewerkers
Illustraties
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Geluid
Ciguatera
Snelheid
Zwemstijl
Kieuwoppervlak
Otoliths
Hersenen
Zicht

Tools

Speciale rapporten

Download XML

Internet-bronnen

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.01231 - 0.01697), b=3.12 (3.08 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.19-0.23; tmax=11).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 86 [50, 171] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.68 [0.94, 2.77] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.2, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.372 [0.153, 0.876] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.7 [10.2, 59.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.5 [5.9, 57.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.34 [0.84, 2.01] mg/100g (wet weight);