(Basses) > Centrarchidae
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012); macrochirus: macrochirus meaning large hand, probably referring to the body shape (Ref. 10294). More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; air tawar bentopelagis; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15. Subtropical; 1°C - 36°C (Ref. 35682); 50°N - 25°N
North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes and Mississippi river basin; from Quebec to northern Mexico. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 5723); common length : 19.1 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 12193); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 2.2 kg (Ref. 4699); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 10 Tahun (Ref. 72462)
A dark blue or black "ear" on an extension of the gill cover called the opercular flap; a prominent dark blotch at the base of the dorsal fin, close to the tail; typically olive-green backs, with a blue or purplish sheen along the sides; faint vertical bars may be present along the sides; breeding males may have more blue and orange coloration on their flanks (Ref. 44091).
Adults are found frequently in lakes, ponds, reservoirs and sluggish streams (Ref. 5723, 10294); occur primarily in reservoirs in Hawaii; preferably live in deep weed beds (Ref. 5723). Active mainly during dusk and dawn. They feed upon snails, small crayfish, insects, worms and small minnows (Ref. 5723). Young feed on crustaceans, insects and worms (Ref. 5723, 10294).
Males guard the eggs for about 7 days (Ref. 93240).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Budidaya air: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya; Akuarium: Komersial
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.01231 - 0.01697), b=3.12 (3.08 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.19-0.23; tmax=11).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 86 [50, 171] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.68 [0.94, 2.77] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.2, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.372 [0.153, 0.876] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.7 [10.2, 59.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.5 [5.9, 57.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.34 [0.84, 2.01] mg/100g (wet weight);