Lepomis macrochirus, Bluegill : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque, 1819

Bluegill
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Image of Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill)
Lepomis macrochirus
Male picture by Lovshin, L.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes(Marga, Jenis) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Centrarchiformes (Basses) > Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012);  macrochirus: macrochirus meaning large hand, probably referring to the body shape (Ref. 10294).  More on author: Rafinesque.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar bentopelagis; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15.   Subtropical; 1°C - 36°C (Ref. 35682); 50°N - 25°N

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes and Mississippi river basin; from Quebec to northern Mexico. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 5723); common length : 19.1 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 12193); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 2.2 kg (Ref. 4699); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 10 Tahun (Ref. 72462)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

A dark blue or black "ear" on an extension of the gill cover called the opercular flap; a prominent dark blotch at the base of the dorsal fin, close to the tail; typically olive-green backs, with a blue or purplish sheen along the sides; faint vertical bars may be present along the sides; breeding males may have more blue and orange coloration on their flanks (Ref. 44091).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Adults are found frequently in lakes, ponds, reservoirs and sluggish streams (Ref. 5723, 10294); occur primarily in reservoirs in Hawaii; preferably live in deep weed beds (Ref. 5723). Active mainly during dusk and dawn. They feed upon snails, small crayfish, insects, worms and small minnows (Ref. 5723). Young feed on crustaceans, insects and worms (Ref. 5723, 10294).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Males guard the eggs for about 7 days (Ref. 93240).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 August 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Potential pest





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Budidaya air: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya; Akuarium: Komersial
FAO - Budidaya air: production; ; Publication: search | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Nutrients
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.01231 - 0.01697), b=3.12 (3.08 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.19-0.23; tmax=11).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 86 [50, 171] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.68 [0.94, 2.77] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.2, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.372 [0.153, 0.876] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.7 [10.2, 59.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.5 [5.9, 57.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.34 [0.84, 2.01] mg/100g (wet weight);