Gadus chalcogrammus, Alaska pollock : fisheries

Gadus chalcogrammus Pallas, 1814

Alaska pollock
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Gadus chalcogrammus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gadus chalcogrammus (Alaska pollock)
Gadus chalcogrammus
Picture by Archipelago Marine Research Ltd.

Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

лучеперые рыбы > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Gadus: Latin, gadus = a fish, cod? (Ref. 45335);  chalcogrammus: Name from the Greek 'chalcos' meaning brass and 'gramma' meaning mark (Ref. 6885).  More on author: Pallas.

Issue
This species is placed in the genus Gadus in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jan. 2012: Ref. 89336). More studies are needed for a complete revision of all genera of Gadidae.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

; морской; солоноватоводный донно-пелагический; немигрирующий; пределы глубины ? - 1280 m (Ref. 50550), usually 30 - 400 m (Ref. 54255).   Polar; 68°N - 34°N, 129°E - 120°W (Ref. 54255)

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

North Pacific: from Kivalina, Alaska, to the southern Sea of Japan and to Carmel, California, USA. The occurrence off the northern part of Baja California (Mexico), as reported from Quast and Hall, (1972) (Ref. 6876) is apparently erroneous.

Length at first maturity / Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm 36.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 2850); наибольший вес (опубликованные данные): 3.9 kg (Ref. 56335); наибольший возраст (опубликованны данные): 28 годы (Ref. 55701)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 0; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 38-48; колючие лучи анального плавника 0; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 33 - 42. The dorsal fins are widely separated. The pelvic fins have a slightly elongated filament. The lateral line is continuous to about the back end of the first dorsal-fin base; it is interrupted at the read of the body. On the head are lateral line pores. Body color is olive green to brown on the back and becomes silvery on the sides and pale ventrally, often with mottled patterns or blotches.

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

The adults usually live near to the sea floor, but sometimes they also appear near the surface (Ref. 1371). They perform diurnal vertical migrations (Ref. 1371). They mainly feed on krill (Ref. 39882) but they also eat fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 6885). The adults which are spawning are often solely captured for their roe. The meat is used to produce surimi (this is an imitation of shellfish meat) (Ref. 28499). They are traded as fresh fish, boneless flesh, in frozen blocks or as surimi. The fish is cooked in the microwave, steamed or fried in butter (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Congregate in dense schools to spawn, usually at 50 to 250 m depth.

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор | соавторы

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Harmless





Использование человеком

рыболовство: важный объект промысла
FAO(рыболовство: production, Видовой профиль; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

дополнительная информация

ссылки
аквакультура (рыбоводство)
особенности рыбоводства
степень растяжения
генетика
частоты аллелей
наследуемость
болезни
обработка
Mass conversion
соавторы
изображения
Stamps, Coins Misc.
звуки
Ciguatera
скорость
тип плавания
жаберная область
Otoliths
мозг
зрение

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.4 - 5.6, mean 1.6 (based on 444 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00572 - 0.00763), b=3.02 (2.98 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.8 (3.3 - 9.2) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 19 growth studies.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  низкий, минимальное время удвоения популяции 4.5-14 лет (Musick et al. 2000 (Ref. 36717); tmax = 28).
Prior r = 0.32, 95% CL = 0.21 - 0.50, Based on 8 stock assessments.
Уязвимость (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Категория цены (Ref. 80766):   Low.