Brosmophycis marginata (Ayres, 1854)

Red brotula
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Brosmophycis marginata
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Brosmophycis: Greek, brosomai, bibrosko = to eat up, to devour + Greek, phykis = a fish that lives among alga (Greek, phyke) + Greek, ops =appearance (Ref. 45335);  marginata: marginatus meaning edged (Ref. 6885).  More on author: Ayres.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser demersal; tiefenbereich 3 - 256 m (Ref. 2850), usually 15 - ? m (Ref. 2850).   Subtropical; 59°N - 14°N, 137°W - 92°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Petersburg, southeastern Alaska to Ensenada, northern Baja California, Mexico.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 2850)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 98-110; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 72 - 81; Wirbelzahl: 63 - 65. Dorsal fin base covered with loose skin; caudal small and rounded; anal fin base covered with skin; pectorals rounded, almost pedunculate; two pelvic fin rays, outer ray of pelvic fins long, slender and filamentous, twice the length of inner ray (Ref. 6885). Bright red to brown on dorsal surface, nearly white on ventral surface of the body; pale red on ventral surface of head; margins of dorsal and anal fins red; bright red on caudal and pectoral fins; lips pink; mucus secretion reddish (Ref. 6885). Branchiostegal rays: 7 (Ref. 36488).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

A common cryptic species (Ref. 34024). Found in rocky areas (Ref. 2850). Live-bearers with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36488). Flesh considered sweet and fine-textured but rarely available (Ref. 27436).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).

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Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Öffentliche Aquarien | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.7 - 23.3, mean 10.8 (based on 234 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00174 - 0.01147), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Fec=200).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .