Cyprinella spiloptera (Cope, 1867)

Spotfin shiner
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Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Cyprinella: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335);  spiloptera: From the words spilos, meaning spot and pteron, meaning wing or fin (Ref. 10294).  More on author: Cope.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bentopelagisk.   Subtropical; 47°N - 34°N

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

North America: Atlantic Slope from St. Lawrence drainage in Quebec, Canada to Potomac River drainage in Virginia, USA; Great Lakes (except Lake Superior), Hudson Bay (Red River) and Mississippi River basins from Ontario, Canada and New York to North Dakota and south to Alabama and eastern Oklahoma, USA; isolated populations in Ozarks, USA.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 86798); common length : 7.7 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 12193); rapporterad maxålder: 5 år (Ref. 12193)

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits sand and gravel runs and pools of creeks, and small to medium (sometimes large) rivers (Ref. 5723, 86798). Adults feed on surface insects and aquatic immatures (Ref. 10294). Spawning season is from mid-June to mid-August. Eggs are deposited in crevices of rocks and logs and are defended by males (Ref. 27549).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 17 November 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

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Internet-källor

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, sök) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (tmax=5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .