分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: bicolor: Name from the Latin word 'vacca' meaning cow and 'ceps' meaning head, for the type locality; noun in apposition (Ref. 56397). More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水 底生の漂泳性. Temperate; 44°N - 35°N
North America: Columbia River drainage in Washington, Oregon and Idaho, south in Klamath and upper Pit River (Sacramento River drainage) and interior drainages of Nevada and California to Mohave River in south California, USA. Distinctive subspecies were recognized: Gila bicolor snyderi (protected) in Owens River, California; Gila bicolor mohavensis (protected) in Mojave River, California; Gila bicolor bicolor in Klamath River system in Oregon and California; Gila bicolor obesa, a stream and spring-inhabiting form; and G. bicolor pectinifer, a lake-inhabiting form, both in Lake Lahontan basin in Nevada.
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 86798)
背鰭 (合計): 8; 臀鰭: 7 - 8. Siphateles bicolor can be distinguished by the following characters: lateral line with 41-64 scales; dorsal fin usually with 8 rays; anal fin with 7-8 rays; pharyngeal teeth 0,5-5,0; deep, compressed body; dorsal-fin origin over pelvic- fin origin; fairly deep caudal peduncle; small, rounded fins; small, terminal to slightly subterminal mouth; does not extend to eye; dusky olive to dark green above; brassy brown side, often mottled in adult; silver white to yellow below; clear to dusky olive fins; young with dusky stripe along side; large individuals may have yellow to copper fins with pink, red, or orange bases, red-orange lower side (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits lakes and quiet, vegetated, mud or sand-bottomed pools of headwaters, creeks and small to large rivers (Ref. 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00455 - 0.01668), b=3.12 (2.96 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 5.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.19-0.33).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .