Classification / Names
Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate)
(Bony tongues) > Hiodontidae
Etymology: Hiodon: From Greek letter "gamma, "y", due to the shape of the teeth; Greek, odous = teeth; bone forming the base of the tongue (Ref. 45335); alosoides: alosoides --- shadlike, referring to its general shape and similarity to Alosa, Clupeidae (Ref. 1998). More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; acqua dolce pelagico; potamodromo (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 69°N - 31°N
North America: western Ontario to the Mackenzie River as far down as Aklavik. In the east, it extends southwest below the Great Lakes, through the Ohio and Mississippi River drainages. In the, west it occurs southeast from western Alberta, through eastern Montana and Wyoming, to Oklahoma.
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm FL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 40637); common length : 31.0 cm OT maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 3221); peso massimo pubblicato: 1.7 kg (Ref. 4699); Età massima riportata: 14 anni (Ref. 12193)
Occurs in deep, open pools and channels of turbid, lowland rivers; small lakes and impoundments (Ref. 5723, 10294). Feeds on surface and aquatic insects, crustaceans, mollusks, small fishes, frogs, shrew, and mice (Ref. 10294). Migrates upstream in the spring to spawn and feed. Moves downstream in the fall. Mainly nocturnal. Preyed upon by birds, some mammals, and other fishes. Marketed smoked.
Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman, 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184: xi+1-966. (Ref. 1998)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale; Pesce da pesca sportiva: si
CollaboratoriImmaginiStamps, Coins Misc.SuoniCiguateraVelocitàModalità di nuotoArea branchialeOtolithsCervelliVista
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00448 - 0.01544), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 69278
): Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (Fec = 5,761).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .