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(Bony tongues) > Hiodontidae
Etymology: Hiodon: From Greek letter "gamma, "y", due to the shape of the teeth; Greek, odous = teeth; bone forming the base of the tongue (Ref. 45335); alosoides: alosoides --- shadlike, referring to its general shape and similarity to Alosa, Clupeidae (Ref. 1998). More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; air tawar pelagis, permukaan; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 69°N - 31°N
North America: western Ontario to the Mackenzie River as far down as Aklavik. In the east, it extends southwest below the Great Lakes, through the Ohio and Mississippi River drainages. In the, west it occurs southeast from western Alberta, through eastern Montana and Wyoming, to Oklahoma.
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm FL jantan/; (Ref. 40637); common length : 31.0 cm OT jantan/; (Ref. 3221); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 1.7 kg (Ref. 4699); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 14 Tahun (Ref. 12193)
Occurs in deep, open pools and channels of turbid, lowland rivers; small lakes and impoundments (Ref. 5723, 10294). Feeds on surface and aquatic insects, crustaceans, mollusks, small fishes, frogs, shrew, and mice (Ref. 10294). Migrates upstream in the spring to spawn and feed. Moves downstream in the fall. Mainly nocturnal. Preyed upon by birds, some mammals, and other fishes. Marketed smoked.
Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman, 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184: xi+1-966. (Ref. 1998)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Ikan buruan: ya
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00456 - 0.01516), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 9.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (Fec = 5,761).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .