Rhynchocypris percnurus (Pallas, 1814)

Lake minnow
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Rhynchocypris percnurus
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Rhynchocypris: Greek, rhingchos = snout + Greek, kypris = other name for Aphrodite, proceeding from Kypris (Cyprus) Greek, kyprinos = carp (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; acqua dolce benthopelagico; non migratori.   Subtropical; 15°C - 23°C (Ref. 12468); 75°N - 35°N, 35°E - 175°E

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Eurasia: Widespread but highly disjunct range: lakes in Odra, Vistula, Dniepr, Volga (Oka and Kama systems) drainages, isolated localities in Middle Volga, lakes in Arctic Ocean (from Nothern Dvina to Kolyma drainages) and Pacific basins (from Amur to Korea and Japan).

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 18.5 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 59043); common length : 9.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 556); peso massimo pubblicato: 100.00 g (Ref. 1441)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Can be separated from Rhynchocypris czekanowskii by having male genital papilla not long and pointed, and body depth greater than or equal to caudal peduncle length (Ref. 59043).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit small lakes, shallow or isolated small bays of larger lakes, swamps, artificial ponds, with abundant vegetation, turbid water, with mud or clay bottom. They prefer to live in still water or slow current. Commonly found in shallows among vegetation in schools of 20-89 individuals. Can survive extreme low oxygen concentrations in summer and winter. Hibernate (in northern regions) during winter or remain inactive at temperatures close to 0°C. Feed on a wide variety of prey, from plankton to benthic animals. Globally not under threat, but some isolated relict populations in Middle Volga and Poland have already been extirpated, are declining or threatened. Several of these populations may possibly represent a distinct species, which, if confirmed, will significantly change the present conservation assessment (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Embryonic development lasts 10-15 days (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca: commerciale
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00549 - 0.01823), b=3.14 (2.99 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.39 se; Based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 69278):  Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (K=0.19-0.23; tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.