Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin, 1789)

Man-of-war fish
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Nomeus gronovii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Nomeus gronovii (Man-of-war fish)
Nomeus gronovii
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Nomeidae (Driftfishes)
Etymology: Nomeus: Greek, nomeys, -eos = shepherd (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Gmelin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien demersaal; diepteverspreiding 200 - 1000 m (Ref. 58302).   Subtropical; 52°N - 45°S

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil (Ref. 7251). Eastern Atlantic: north-west Africa and the Canary Islands (Ref. 4777); also São Tomé Island (Ref. 34088). Not recorded from the Mediterranean and most of the eastern Atlantic (Ref. 9834). Indian and Pacific: widely distributed.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 4412)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 9 - 13; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 24-28; Anale stekels 1-2; Anale zachte stralen: 24 - 29; Wervels: 41. Juveniles whitish or silvery with dark blue mottlings; pelvic fins black (Ref. 4412). Dark blue above, side silvery with patches of dark blue. Pelvic fin with inner rays joined to abdomen by membrane for its entire length (Ref. 26938).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found offshore in warm waters. Juveniles pelagic in coastal and offshore waters down to at least 30 m, but adults possibly demersal in deep water (Ref. 9563). Occur in association with floating Portuguese man-of-war, Physalia, feeding on its tentacles and gonads and may drift with it into shore waters with proper wind conditions (Ref. 4777). Probably also feed on other soft-bodied jellyfish as well as on zooplankton (Ref.4777).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Haedrich, R.L., 1986. Nomeidae. p. 1183-1188. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4777)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 29 January 2013

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.7 - 15.4, mean 10.4 (based on 658 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00145 - 0.00994), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.