Coregonus lavaretus, European whitefish : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758)

European whitefish
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Coregonus lavaretus
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; acqua dolce; salmastro demersale; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 20 - ?; anadromo (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 4°C - 16°C (Ref. 2059); 73°N - 40°N

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Europe: Native to Lake Bourget (France) and Geneva (Switzerland, France). Population of Lake Aiguebelette (France) apparently introduced, but a 'lavaret' had already been recorded from there in the 17th century (Ref. 59043). Other authors assume it to be a superspecies occurring in Great Britain and Alpine areas of Central Europe. Has been stocked into many other places in Europe outside its native range. There are many parallel and wrong scientific names for this species in use because of the problems in classifying the genus Coregonus (Ref. 7495). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). Asia: introduced to Iran (Ref. 39702).

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 27.1, range 40 - ? cm
Max length : 73.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 40637); peso massimo pubblicato: 10.0 kg (Ref. 35388)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 3 - 5; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 9-12; Spine anali 3-5; Raggi anali molli: 10 - 13. Mouth small with protruding upper jaw. Silvery body (Ref. 35388). Caudal fin with 19 soft rays (Ref. 40476).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Gregarious lacustrine forms (Ref. 2163) and anadromous estuarine forms, rarely in full saltwater. Feeds on planktonic crustaceans, or larger benthic crustaceans in brackish water. Movement in water column as a function of zooplankton repartition (Ref. 2163). Spawns in gravel, near shore, in shallow water, in December (Ref. 59043). Likely to benefit from environmental regulations in France passed on 8/12/88 (Ref. 2163).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Spawning takes place at night.

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Wheeler, A., 1992. A list of the common and scientific names of fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 41(suppl.A):1-37. (Ref. 5204)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Vulnerabile, vedi Lista Rossa IUCN (VU) (D2); Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Pesca: commerciale; Acquacoltura: commerciale; Pesce da pesca sportiva: si
FAO(Acquacoltura: production; pesca: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Informazioni ulteriori

Nomi Comuni
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Profilo di acquacoltura
Frequenze alleliche
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale


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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.8 - 12.5, mean 9.5 °C (based on 528 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00378 - 0.00528), b=3.20 (3.16 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (K=0.3-0.7; tmax=8; Fecundity=3,800 - 169,800).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.