Trachinotus teraia Cuvier, 1832

Shortfin pompano
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Trachinotus teraia   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Trachinotus teraia (Shortfin pompano)
Trachinotus teraia
Picture by Mamonekene, V.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) 鰺科 (Jacks and pompanos) > Trachinotinae
Etymology: Trachinotus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek,noton = back (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 淡水; 半鹹淡水.   熱帶; 28°N - 7°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Gabon, including Cape Verde (Ref. 4225, 57392, 81654).
東大西洋: 塞內加爾到加彭, 包括維德角。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 29.0  range ? - 42 cm
Max length : 68.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 57392); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 26999); 最大體重: 7.9 kg (Ref. 3195)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 7; 背的軟條 (總數): 19-21; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 16 - 18. Diagnosis: body short and deep (depth comprised 1.8-2.5 times in fork length)(Ref. 57392, 81654). Snout rounded; mouth small; maxillary reaching to below hind margin of pupil (Ref. 57392). No teeth on tongue (Ref. 81654). 2 dorsal fins, 1st with 6 spines, 2nd with 1 spine and 19-21 soft rays; anal fin with 2 short, detached spines followed by 1 spine and 16-18 soft rays (Ref. 57392, 81654). Soft dorsal (Ref. 57392, 81654) and anal fin lobes shorter than head (Ref. 57392). Pectoral fins short; scales small, cycloid and partially embedded in skin; lateral line very slightly arched over pectoral fins, without scutes (Ref. 57392). No distinct spots/dark blotches (Ref. 57392, 81654) or other colour marks on body (Ref. 57392). Coloration: back bluish-grey or greenish, sides and ventrum silvery, without distinctive markings; fins dark; lobes of dorsal, anal and caudal fins darker to black (Ref. 57392, 81654).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit coastal waters (Ref. 2683). Enters brackish waters for reproduction and ascends rather far up the lower courses of rivers (Ref. 4225, 57392). Unique in spending the whole live cycle in myxohaline environment, without a marine phase; seasonality of recruitment seems to indicate that favourable conditions for reproduction and larval survival are limited to the dry season although sexual maturity occurs all year round (Ref. 81654). Feeds on fry and young shrimps up to 125 mm fork length, diet of larger specimens mainly malacophagous (bivalves), the shells of which are crushed with well-developed pharyngeal jaws (Ref. 81654). Also feeds on fish, shrimps and crabs (Ref. 28587). Maximum fork length recorded was 610 mm (Ref. 57392).

棲息於沿岸水域。 (參考文獻 2683) 進入河口與偶然地遠向上游在河中.(參考文獻 4225) 吃魚,蝦,螃蟹與二枚貝。 (參考文獻 28587)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

東大西洋: 塞內加爾到加彭, 包括維德角。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Bauchot, M.-L., 2003. Carangidae. p. 464-483 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57392)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 游釣魚種: 是的
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.6 - 27.9, mean 26.6 (based on 64 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.