Chelon auratus, Golden grey mullet : fisheries, aquaculture

Chelon auratus (Risso, 1810)

Golden grey mullet
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Chelon auratus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Chelon auratus (Golden grey mullet)
Chelon auratus
Picture by Hernández-González, C.L.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Mugiliformes (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets)
Etymology: Chelon: Greek, chelone = turtle (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Risso.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; sötvatten; brackvatten; katadrom (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 10 - ? m (Ref. 7399).   Temperate; 64°N - 20°N, 26°W - 42°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Scotland to Cape Verde; in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Also in coastal waters from southern Norway to Morocco, rare off Mauritania (Ref. 3573). Records from the lagoon of Accra are probably misidentifications.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 34.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 59.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2058); common length : 30.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 7399)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 5; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 7-9; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3. Longer pectoral fins, lack of black spot at the pectoral fin base. Golden spot present in gill cover (Ref. 35388).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Adults are neritic usually in schools, entering lagoons and lower estuaries (Ref. 7399); rarely entering freshwater (Ref. 3573, 59043). Juveniles move to coastal lagoons and estuaries in winter and especially in spring (Ref. 59043). They feed on small benthic organisms, detritus, and occasionally on insects and plankton (Ref. 2804). Juveniles feed only on zooplankton (Ref. 59043). Reproduction takes place in the sea, from July to November. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Minimum size allowed for fishing is 20 cm. The quality of the flesh is variable (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Juveniles move to coastal lagoons and estuaries in winter and especially in spring (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Harrison, Ian | Medarbetare

Thomson, J.M., 1986. Mugilidae. p. 344-349. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC; Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3573)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; Vattenbruk: kommersiell
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.


Special reports

Download XML


Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.7 - 20.7, mean 11.9 (based on 344 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00779 - 0.01226), b=2.96 (2.92 - 3.00), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 5.5 (3.7 - 7.0) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 32 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.14-0.34; tm=3-4; Fec>10,000).
Prior r = 0.77, 95% CL = 0.51 - 1.16, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.