Lớp phụ (Subclass) cá vây tia
(Perch-likes) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Salaria: Latin, salar, salaris = trout (Ref. 45335). More on author: Risso.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sinh thái học
; Biển; Thuộc về nước lợ gần đáy. Subtropical; 46°N - 33°N, 10°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic: Atlantic coast from France to Morocco; also in the Mediterranean and Black seas and in the Suez Canal.
Bộ gần gũi / Khối lượng (Trọng lượng) / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 5981)
Hình thái học | Sinh trắc học
Mature males with well-developed head-crest and anal gland in the first two anal-fin rays. Sneaker males much smaller than nesting males and do not display male secondary sexual characters (Ref. 94108).
Adults occur in the intertidal zone and shallow bottoms, on rocks or sand between pebbles and vegetation (Ref. 5981). Often in brackish waters down to 5 ppt (Ref. 5981). Inhabit crevices or piddock holes, males remain in cavities above water-level during low tide (Ref. 5981). Feed on benthic invertebrates, mainly mollusks, also algae (Ref. 5981). Also ingest large amounts of aquatic insects and pupae (Ref. 94105). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Mature males adopt a passive role during courtship, rarely court females, do not defend nest territory, but provide parental care to eggs. Sneaker males assume a female-like behavior in order to approach the nests of nesting males and parasitically fertilize the eggs (Ref. 94113). Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35421).
Males court by nodding and undulating movements and drive females to spawning place by biting and butting (Ref. 5981) though this event is rarely done by the males, more or less adopting a passive role in the courtship (Ref 94113). Additionally, males don't defend a territory around the nest (Ref. 94113) though they guard eggs from several females (Ref. 5981, 94113).
Zander, C.D., 1986. Blenniidae. p. 1096-1112. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5981)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Các nghề cá: Các nghề cá là sinh kế
Các công cụ
Các nguồn internet
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15 - 21.2, mean 18.8 (based on 615 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00566 - 0.01766), b=3.00 (2.85 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Mức dinh dưỡng (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Thích nghi nhanh (Ref. 120179
): Chiêù cao, thời gian nhân đôi của chủng quần tối thiểu là dưới 15 tháng (K=0.50).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .