Anodontostoma chacunda (Hamilton, 1822)

Chacunda gizzard shad
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Anodontostoma chacunda   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Anodontostoma chacunda (Chacunda gizzard shad)
Anodontostoma chacunda
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Anodontostoma: Greek, ana = up + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 溯河洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188).   热带; 31°N - 23°S, 47°E - 171°E (Ref. 188)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to coasts of India and Andaman Sea, to Gulf of Thailand, Indonesia, Viet Nam, and Philippines, south to northern Australia, the Caroline Islands and New Caledonia.
印度-西太平洋: 到泰国湾,印度尼西亚,越南与菲律宾的波斯湾到印度海岸与安达曼海南至澳洲北部,加罗林群岛与新加勒多尼亚。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 54980); common length : 14.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3107)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 17 - 25. Body depth increasing with size of fish, 40 to 70 % standard length in fishes over 10 cm. Second supra-maxilla a mere splint. Longest gill rakers on lower part of arch less than corresponding gill filaments. Hind edges of scales toothed, the teeth thinner than the gaps between them; a median series of pre-dorsal scales. A large black spot behind gill opening.
体高随着鱼的大小增加,40 到 70% 在超过 10 公分的鱼中标准长度。 第二个上颚骨一个仅仅夹板。 在弓的较下面的部位上的长的鳃耙少于对应的鳃丝。 鳞片的后缘有齿的, 超过在他们之间的间隙齿稀释剂; 一个中央的成列前背部的鳞片。 在鳃裂后面的一个大的黑色斑点。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Pelagic inshore (Ref. 68964). Usually marine coastal, but ascends rivers to the upper tidal zone (Ref. 12693). Occurs inshore and also in estuaries. Feeds on diatoms, radiolarians, mollusks, copepods, and crustaceans (in that order of importance, at least in the Godavari estuary). Breeds from November to February, mainly in the later part (Godavari estuary). Marketed fresh, frozen, dried, dried-salted or boiled. Made into fish balls.

通常海洋的海岸, 但是溯河到上面的潮间带.(参考文献 12693) 生活于近海以及在河口。 吃硅藻,放射虫类,软件动物,桡脚类的动物与甲壳动物。 (依重要性排列, 至少在 Godavari 河口) 繁殖从十一月到二月, 主要在该期间的后段 (Godavari 河口). 在市场上销售新鲜的,冷冻的, 乾制, 乾燥盐腌或煮沸的。 制成了鱼丸。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-西太平洋: 到泰国湾,印度尼西亚,越南与菲律宾的波斯湾到印度海岸与安达曼海南至澳洲北部,加罗林群岛与新加勒多尼亚。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 06 March 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.5 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 1250 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00804 - 0.01083), b=3.04 (3.00 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.28 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 1.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.9-1.3).
Prior r = 1.19, 95% CL = 0.79 - 1.79, Based on 4 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.