Pellonula leonensis, Smalltoothed pellonula : fisheries, bait

Pellonula leonensis Boulenger, 1916

Smalltoothed pellonula
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Pellonula leonensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pellonula leonensis
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Pellonula: Latin, pellis = skin + Latin, nullus = no one (Ref. 45335);  leonensis: Species is named after the vernacular name in Bambara, 'miri', given by the local fisherman in Mali (Ref. 2756).  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino; acqua dolce; salmastro pelagico; anadromo (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 17°N - 5°S, 18°W - 24°E (Ref. 26213)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Africa: freshwater rivers of West Africa (Ref. 188, 2244), in lagoons, lakes, lower and upper courses of rivers from Senegal to Cross River (Ref. 81269), including upper reaches of Niger and lower parts of Benue River (Ref. 188); and lagoons and lower and middle courses of coastal rivers from Cameroon to Democratic Republic of Congo (Ref. 2244, 81631), including a record in the Léfini River (Ref. 88782). Apparently not in upper parts of Congo system (Ref. 188). Also reported from Atlantic Ocean, including beaches at Hann near Dakar in Senegal and near Pointe Noire in Congo Republic (Ref. 188).

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - ? cm
Max length : 12.1 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 1989); peso massimo pubblicato: 13.50 g (Ref. 2247)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 0; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 13-19; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 15 - 22; Vertebre: 39 - 44. Diagnosis: This species is characterised by the first prepelvic scute being as large as the following scutes lacking ascending arms, and located behind the pectoral-fin origins, and by the inward-curving premaxillary teeth (Ref. 2244, 2849, 81269, 81631). Scutes beginning behind base of first pectoral finray; lower jaw very slightly projecting, teeth at symphysis only slightly enlarged; premaxillary teeth small, curved inward, only the tips usually apparent, no strongly marked indentation at centre of jaw; lower gillrakers 20-35, long and equal to or longer than the corresponding gill filaments; silver stripe along flank (Ref. 188, 81269). It resembles Pellonula vorax, which has larger and straighter teeth, often pointing forward, and scutes before pectoral fin bases; absence of large canine teeth in upper jaw, within or behind normal outer premaxillary series, distinguishes it from Odaxothrissa; Microthrissa species are deep-bodied and have a much more slender maxilla (Ref. 188).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Found chiefly in rivers and streams, also man-made and natural lakes (Ref. 188); also in estuaries and lagoons (Ref. 188, 2683). Apparently able to tolerate moderate or even quite high salinities (Ref. 188). It forms enormous shoals in both inshore and offshore regions of Lake Kainji (Ref. 3034). It feeds on terrestrial and aquatic insects, but also ostracods and entomostracans; stomachs containing clupeid fish scales may represent cannibalism (Ref. 188). Reproduction occurs in rivers and lakes, and may be also in estuaries and coastal lagoons (Ref. 2683). It breeds from July to September in Lake Volta (Ref. 188).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Reproduction occurs in rivers and lakes, and may be also in estuaries and coastal lagoons (Ref. 2683).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Gourène, G. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Révision du genre Pellonula des eaux douces africaines (Pisces: Clupeidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 2(3):213-225. (Ref. 2244)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 May 2014

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale; esca: occasionally
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, ricerca) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 27.9, mean 26.7 (based on 62 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00784 - 0.01061), b=3.03 (2.99 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.39 se; Based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Alto, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione meno di 15 mesi (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.