Thunnus albacares, Yellowfin tuna : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Yellowfin tuna
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Thunnus albacares   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin tuna)
Thunnus albacares
Picture by Archambault, C.

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

شعاعيات الزعانف > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Thunnus: Greek, thynnos = tunna (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bonnaterre.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; بحري; مياه مخلوطة; محيطية (Ref. 51243); نطاق العمق 1 - 250 m (Ref. 6390), usually 1 - 100 m (Ref. 55289).   Tropical; 15°C - 31°C (Ref. 168); 59°N - 48°S, 180°W - 180°E

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

Worldwide in tropical and subtropical seas, but absent from the Mediterranean Sea. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).

Length at first maturity / الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm 103.3, range 78 - 158 cm
Max length : 239 cm FL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 40637); common length : 150 cm FL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 168); أعلا وزن تم نشرة: 200.0 kg (Ref. 26550); العمر: 9 سنين (Ref. 72462)

وصف مختصر الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

الأشواك الظهرية (المجموع): 11 - 14; الأشعة الظهرية الناعمة (المجموع): 12-16; شوكة شرجية 0; أشعه شرجية لينه: 11 - 16; فقرات: 39. This large species is distinguished by the following characters: elongate, fusiform body, slightly compressed laterally; total gill rakers on first gill arch 26-34; dorsal fins 2 and separated only by a narrow interspace, the second followed by 8-10 finlets; anal fin followed by 7 to 10 finlets; large specimens may have very long second dorsal and anal fins, becoming well over 20% of fork length; pectoral fins moderately long, usually reaching beyond second dorsal-fin origin but not beyond end of its base, usually 22-31% of FL; 2 flaps (interpelvic process) between pelvic fins; body with very small scales; corselet of larger scales developed but not very distinct; caudal peduncle very slender, bearing on each side a strong lateral keel between 2 smaller keels; no striations on ventral surface of liver; swimbladder present. Colour of back metallic dark blue changing through yellow to silver on belly; belly frequently crossed by about 20 broken, nearly vertical lines; dorsal and anal fins, and dorsal and anal finlets bright yellow, the finlets with a narrow black border (Ref. 9684).

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

An oceanic species occurring above and below the thermoclines. Pelagic in open water , but rarely seen near reefs (Ref. 48637). They school primarily by size, either in monospecific or multi-species groups. Larger fish frequently school with porpoises, also associated with floating debris and other objects. Feed on fishes, crustaceans and squids. It is sensitive to low concentrations of oxygen and therefore is not usually caught below 250 m in the tropics (Ref. 28952, 30329). Peak spawning occurs during the summer, in batches (Ref. 9684, 51846). Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Encircling nets are employed to catch schools near the surface (Ref. 9340). Caught mainly with longlines and purse seines. Marketed mainly fresh, frozen, canned (Ref. 9684), but also smoked (Ref. 9987). Highly valued for sashimi (Ref. 26938).

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

Spawn throughout the tropical and equatorial waters of the major oceans (Ref. 6390). At higher latitudes, spawning is seasonal, with peaks in summer; may continue throughout the year at lower latitudes (Ref. 6390). Yellowfin tuna are multiple spawners, ie they spawn every few days over the spawning period (Ref. 6390). Eggs and sperm are released into the water for fertilisation (Ref. 6390).

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم : Collette, Bruce B. | المتعاونين

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  قريب من التهديد بالخطر (NT) ; Date assessed: 18 February 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان

  Harmless





استخدامات بشرية

مصائد: ذو قيمة تاجرية عالية; الأستزراع المائي: التجريبي; لعبة سمكه: نعم
FAO(الأستزراع المائي: الأنتاج; مصائد: الأنتاج, ملف الأنواع; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | البحر حولنا

أدوات

تقارير خاصة

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مصادر علي الأنترنت

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.5 - 28.9, mean 26.7 (based on 6382 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.01185 - 0.01847), b=3.01 (2.97 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.0 (2.4 - 3.7) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 49 growth studies.
المرونه (Ref. 120179):  وسيط, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع 1.4-4.4 سنة (K=0.13-0.42; tm=2-5; tmax=8; Fec=200,000).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 5 stock assessments.
عرضة للخطر (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
فئة السعر (Ref. 80766):   High.