Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Atlantic halibut
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Hippoglossus hippoglossus
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Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Hippoglossus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino demersal; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); rango de profundidad 50 - 2000 m (Ref. 4705).   Temperate; 79°N - 36°N, 77°W - 55°E

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitsbergen, Barents Sea, Iceland and eastern Greenland. Western Atlantic: southwestern Greenland and Labrador in Canada to Virginia in USA (Ref. 7251).

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 122.0, range 135 - ? cm
Max length : 470 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 7251); 300.0 cm TL (female); peso máximo publicado: 320.0 kg (Ref. 7251); edad máxima reportada: 50 años (Ref. 173)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 0; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 98-110; Espinas anales 0; Radios blandos anales: 73 - 85. Uniformly dark brown or black; young marbled or spotted with paler marks (Ref. 4705).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Adults are benthic but occasionally pelagic (Ref. 4705). Feed mainly on other fishes (cod, haddock, pogge, sand-eels, herring, capelin), but also takes cephalopods, large crustaceans and other bottom-living animals. Batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Growth rate varies according to density, competition and availability of food. Slow growth rate and late onset of sexual maturity, halibut populations can be seriously affected by overfishing (Ref. 35388). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked and frozen; can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Also Ref. 58426.

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Males reach sexual maturity at 7-8 years and females at 10-11 years. Spawning happens from December to April, near the bottom (300 to 700 m), at temperatures between 5 and 7°. Egg size 3.0-3.8, larval size at hatching 6.5 mm (Ref. 4705).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Amaoka, Kunio | Colaboradores

Nielsen, J.G., 1986. Pleuronectidae. p. 1299-1307. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4705)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Endangered (EN) (A1d); Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: comercial; Acuicultura: experimental; pesca deportiva: si; Acuario: Acuarios públicos
FAO(Acuicultura: producción; pesquerías: producción; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.4 - 7.9, mean 3.4 (based on 1760 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00388 - 0.01125), b=3.14 (2.98 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 69278):  Muy bajo, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo superior a 14 años (tmax=30; tm=10; K=0.02-0.2; Fec=1,300,000; also Musick et al. 2000 (Ref. 36717)).
Prior r = 0.47, 95% CL = 0.31 - 0.71, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (88 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.