Scomberomorus sierra, Pacific sierra : fisheries, gamefish

Scomberomorus sierra Jordan & Starks, 1895

Pacific sierra
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Scomberomorus sierra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Scomberomorus sierra
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Jordan & Starks.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; havsvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 10 - 60 m (Ref. 91172).   Tropical; 33°N - 27°S, 121°W - 70°W (Ref. 168)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: La Jolla in southern California, USA to the Galapagos Islands and Paita, Peru. Recently reported from Antofagasta, Chile. Many authors have erroneously considered this species to be a synonym of Scomberomorus maculatus, or a subspecies of it.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 26 - 32 cm
Max length : 99.0 cm FL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 40637); common length : 60.0 cm FL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 168); publicerad maxvikt: 8.2 kg (Ref. 4699)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 15 - 18; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 16-19; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 16 - 21; Ryggkotor: 46 - 49. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body covered with small scales. Lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Pelvic fins relatively long. Sides silvery with numerous round brownish (orange in life) spots, three rows above lateral line, one above. The first dorsal fin is black distally and white at the base. The second dorsal fin is tinged with yellowish and with black margin. The anal fin is white.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

A schooling species believed to spawn close to the coast over most of its range. Adults occur near the surface of coastal waters to over bottom of the continental shelf (Ref. 11035). Adults feed on small fishes, particularly anchovies (Anchoa and Cetengraulis) and clupeids (Odontognathus and Opisthonema). The most abundant game fish along the Pacific coasts of Mexico and Central America. An excellent food fish enough to support a commercial fishery. Marketed fresh and frozen; also used for ceviche (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Medarbetare

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 September 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; sportfisk: ja
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
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Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Lek
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Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Length-frequencies
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.4 - 28.9, mean 25.8 (based on 80 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00415 - 0.01052), b=2.92 (2.79 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Assuming tm=2-4).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.