Scomberomorus sierra, Pacific sierra : fisheries, gamefish

Scomberomorus sierra Jordan & Starks, 1895

Pacific sierra
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Scomberomorus sierra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Scomberomorus sierra
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Jordan & Starks.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; ozeanodrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich 10 - 60 m (Ref. 91172).   Tropical; 33°N - 27°S, 121°W - 70°W (Ref. 168)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: La Jolla in southern California, USA to the Galapagos Islands and Paita, Peru. Recently reported from Antofagasta, Chile. Many authors have erroneously considered this species to be a synonym of Scomberomorus maculatus, or a subspecies of it.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 26 - 32 cm
Max length : 99.0 cm FL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 40637); common length : 60.0 cm FL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 168); max. veröff. Gewicht: 8.2 kg (Ref. 4699)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 15 - 18; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 16-19; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 16 - 21; Wirbelzahl: 46 - 49. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body covered with small scales. Lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Pelvic fins relatively long. Sides silvery with numerous round brownish (orange in life) spots, three rows above lateral line, one above. The first dorsal fin is black distally and white at the base. The second dorsal fin is tinged with yellowish and with black margin. The anal fin is white.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

A schooling species believed to spawn close to the coast over most of its range. Adults occur near the surface of coastal waters to over bottom of the continental shelf (Ref. 11035). Adults feed on small fishes, particularly anchovies (Anchoa and Cetengraulis) and clupeids (Odontognathus and Opisthonema). The most abundant game fish along the Pacific coasts of Mexico and Central America. An excellent food fish enough to support a commercial fishery. Marketed fresh and frozen; also used for ceviche (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Partner

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 September 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

Länder
FAO Gebiete
Ecosystems
Vorkommen
Einführungen
Stocks
Ökologie
Nahrung
Nahrungsorganismen
Nahrungsaufnahme
Nahrungsmenge
Namen
Synonyme
Metabolismus
Räuber
Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
Eientwicklung
Alter/Größe
Wachstum
Länge-Gewicht
Länge-Länge
Längenhäufigkeiten
Morphometrie
Morphologie
Larven
Larven Pop.Dyn.
Rekrutierung
Dichte
Referenzen
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Aquakultur Profil
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Genetik
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Laute
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Geschwindigkeit
Schwimmstil
Kiemenoberfläche
Otoliths
Gehirngröße
Sehfähigkeit

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.4 - 28.9, mean 25.8 (based on 80 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00415 - 0.01052), b=2.92 (2.79 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Assuming tm=2-4).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.