Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Black seabream
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Spondyliosoma cantharus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Spondyliosoma cantharus
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Spondyliosoma: Greek, spondylos = vertebra (1667) + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin benthopélagique; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 5 - 300 m (Ref. 3688).   Subtropical; 63°N - 20°S, 26°W - 36°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Scandinavia to northern Namibia (Ref. 11228), including the Strait of Gibraltar, Mediterranean and the Black Sea, Madeira, Canary Islands, and Cape Verde.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 19.7  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4781); common length : 30.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4781); poids max. publié: 1.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 11; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 11-13. Body tall, with weak longitudinal stripes and no dark spots. Snout as long or longer than the eye diameter (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found over seagrass beds and rocky and sandy bottoms to about 300 m (Ref. 3688). Gregarious, sometimes in large schools (Ref. 3688). Omnivorous, feeding on seaweeds and small invertebrates, especially crustaceans (Ref. 3688). Protogynic hermaphrodites (Ref. 4781). An important food fish.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Lays eggs on sandy bottom (Ref. 4781). Sex reversal occurs at approximately 24.3 cm TL in population from Algeria (Ref. 102321). Also Ref. 28504.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 August 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 17.2, mean 10.2 (based on 645 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.01132 - 0.01400), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.3; Fec=36,000; tm=4).
Prior r = 0.47, 95% CL = 0.31 - 0.71, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Very high.