Pollachius virens, Saithe : fisheries, gamefish

Pollachius virens (Linnaeus, 1758)

Saithe
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Pollachius virens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pollachius virens (Saithe)
Pollachius virens
Picture by Flescher, D.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Pollachius: Scottish dialect, podlock, paddle = bumpfish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas demersal; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 37 - 364 m (Ref. 5951).   Temperate; 77°N - 33°N, 76°W - 35°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Spitsbergen to Bay of Biscay, around Iceland. Western Atlantic: southwest Greenland, Hudson Strait to North Carolina, although rare at the extremes of the range. Migrations for spawning are known to occur. Also long-distance north-south migrations for Europe and the US.

Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 39.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 1371); common length : 60.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4645); peso máx. publicado: 32.0 kg (Ref. 7251); idade máx. registrada: 25 anos (Ref. 1371)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Espinhos anais 0. Chin barbel small. Lateral line smooth along its entire length. Body color is brownish-green dorsally, becoming only slightly paler ventrally. The lateral line pale.

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

An active, gregarious fish occurring inshore and offshore waters. Usually enters coastal waters in spring and returns to deeper waters in winter (Ref. 9988). Smaller fish in inshore waters feed on small crustaceans (copepods, amphipods, euphausiids) and small fish, while larger fish prey predominantly upon fishes. Spawn in batches (Ref. 51846). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked, canned and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: altamente comercial; peixe esportivo: sim
FAO(pescarias: produção, perfil da espécie; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

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Fontes da internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.5 - 10.2, mean 7 (based on 292 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00578 - 0.00755), b=3.06 (3.02 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 7.3 (5.6 - 11.0) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 12 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (rm=0.55-0.87; K=0.07-0.17; tm=2-10; tmax=25; Fec=220,000).
Prior r = 0.50, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.76, Based on 17 stock assessments.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Low.