Halichoeres hortulanus, Checkerboard wrasse : fisheries, aquarium

Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède, 1801)

Checkerboard wrasse
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Halichoeres hortulanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Halichoeres hortulanus (Checkerboard wrasse)
Halichoeres hortulanus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) 隆頭魚科 (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 30 m (Ref. 1602), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 27115).   热带; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 32°N - 28°S, 34°E - 134°W

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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Sodwana Bay, South Africa and east to the Line, Marquesas and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef.
印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的索德瓦讷湾而且东至列岛群岛, 马贵斯群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至大堡礁的南方。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 12.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2334)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 11; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 11. Some geographical variations between Indian and Pacific Ocean and Red Sea. Adults with one or two yellow saddles over the back and sometimes with small black spot on upper peduncle. Small juveniles black and white, gradually changing with growth to adult pattern (Ref. 48636).
在印度洋与太平洋与红海之间的一些地理的变化。 成鱼有一或者二个黄色的鞍状斑整个背部而且在上面的梗上有时有小的黑色斑点。 小的稚鱼黑白的, 逐渐地改变随着成长对成鱼图案.(参考文献 48636)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits sand patches of lagoon and seaward reefs to at least 30 m (Ref. 1602); also on slopes to moderate depths along drop-offs (Ref. 48636). Juveniles common at the bottom of surge channels (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on hard-shelled prey, including mollusks, crustaceans and sea urchins (9823).

栖息于泻湖与临海礁石到至少 30 公尺的沙子区块;(参考文献 1602) 也在斜坡到中等深度上沿着海峭壁。 (参考文献 48636) 稚鱼普遍在汹涌的峡道底部。 (参考文献 9710) 主要吃具有硬壳的猎物,包括软件动物,甲壳动物与海胆。 (9823)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的索德瓦讷湾而且东至列岛群岛, 马贵斯群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至大堡礁的南方。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 April 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.8 - 29, mean 27.6 (based on 978 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00561 - 0.01702), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.42 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 1.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.7).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.