Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835

Yellowfin surgeonfish
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Acanthurus xanthopterus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Acanthurus xanthopterus
Picture by Alban Choinier/Magazine des Voyages de Pêche

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335);  xanthopterus: Name from Greek 'xanthos' for yellow and 'ptero' for fin; referring to the yellow color of the outer part of the pectoral fin (Ref. 37792).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 1 - 100 m (Ref. 9267), usually 5 - 90 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 35°N - 35°S, 23°E - 77°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: coast of East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands and French Polynesia, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: lower Gulf of California and Clipperton Island to Panama and the Galapagos Islands.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 4795); common length : 50.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 30573)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 8 - 9; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 25-27; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 23 - 25. Body purplish gray when alive; grayish brown when preserved; a region of dull yellow in front of eye, a lesser extension posterior to lower part of eye; outer 1/3 of pectoral fin yellow, extreme distal part hyaline; dorsal and anal fins yellowish grey basally, dull yellow distally; caudal fin base whitish; caudal fin purplish. Anterior gill rakers 16-24, posterior 17-22. Caudal spine small.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Live in various reef habitats, sand slopes and lagoons (Ref. 48637). Juveniles inhabit shallow, protected, turbid inshore waters while adults prefer deeper areas of protected bays and lagoons. Also in outer reef areas (Ref. 1602). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Schooling species, feed on diatoms, detritus film of sand, filamentous algae, hydroids, and pieces of fish (Ref. 1602, 48637). Probably the only surgeonfish that readily takes bait (Ref. 12484).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Randall, John E. | Medarbetare

Randall, J.E., 1956. A revision of the surgeonfish genus Acanthurus. Pac. Sci. 10(2):159-235. (Ref. 1920)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 4716)





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.3 - 29, mean 27.7 (based on 2980 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00621 - 0.03212), b=3.01 (2.81 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.36 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (K=0.287; Tmax=34).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.