Myliobatis freminvillei, Bullnose eagle ray : fisheries

Myliobatis freminvillei Lesueur, 1824

Bullnose eagle ray
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Myliobatis freminvillei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Myliobatidae (Eagle and manta rays)
Etymology: Myliobatis: Greek, mylo = mill + Greek, + Greek, batis,-idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lesueur.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater benthopelagisch; diepteverspreiding 0 - 100 m (Ref. 57911), usually 1 - 10 m.   Subtropical; 43°N - 42°S, 97°W - 33°W

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Western Atlantic: continental waters from Cape Cod to southeastern Florida (?) in the USA; also southern Brazil to Argentina (Ref. 58839). Reported (but not known for certain) from Gulf of Mexico, Florida and Caribbean islands, and northern South America. Often confused with Myliobatis goodei (Ref. 3173).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 60 - 70 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm WD mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 57911); common length : 70.0 cm WD mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5217)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Disk broad with long sharply pointed wings and projecting snout. Tail very long, Few middorsal spines on disk in adults (Ref. 7251). Greyish, reddish chocolate or dusky brown above. Lower surface either pure white or whitish. Teeth green (Ref. 6902).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found frequently in coastal waters to 10 m depth, mainly in shallow estuaries. Capable of traveling long distances, occasionally leaps out of the water. Swims in midwater. Cruises slowly over the bottom, rooting out bivalves with its beak and wings when feeding (Ref. 7251). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McEachran, John | Medewerkers

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 09 July 2007

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.2 - 28.1, mean 24.2 °C (based on 594 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00118 - 0.01224), b=3.09 (2.83 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (Fec=4-8).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 44.3 [6.1, 144.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.19 [0.31, 3.38] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.8 [17.3, 22.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.488 [0.142, 1.431] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.9 [5.0, 70.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.7 [3.9, 34.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.908 [0.444, 2.411] mg/100g (wet weight);