Hypanus americanus, Southern stingray : fisheries, gamefish

Hypanus americanus (Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928)

Southern stingray
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Hypanus americanus
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (Haie und Rochen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Dasyatinae
  More on authors: Hildebrand & Schroeder.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 0 - 53 m (Ref. 13608), usually ? - 4 m (Ref. 55205).   Subtropical; 36°N - 4°S, 100°W - 37°W (Ref. 55205)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil, including the Antilles (Ref. 3168).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 85.0, range 75 - 80 cm
Max length : 200 cm WD Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3168); common length : 90.0 cm WD Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3168); max. veröff. Gewicht: 135.6 kg (Ref. 40637); max. veröff. Alter: 28 Jahre (Ref. 53968)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Disk has sharp outer corners and irregular row of short spines on upper surface (Ref. 26938). Disk usually uniform dark brown above, grayer in young. Ventral finfold on tail long and high, dorsal finfold absent (Ref. 7251). Upper surface of disc gray, dark or olivaceous brown or olive green. Lower surface of disc white or whitish with an edging of gray or brown (Ref. 6902).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found on sandy bottoms, seagrass beds, lagoons and the reef face (Ref. 12951). Common in bays and estuaries (Ref. 7251). Observed singly, in pairs and in aggregations (Ref. 12951). Buries in the sand during the day and forages at night, usually in seagrass beds (Ref. 12951). Feeds mainly on bivalves and worms and also takes shrimps, crabs and small fishes (Ref. 3168). Feeds by creating depressions in the sand to expose invertebrates and small fishes (Ref. 9710). Ovoviviparous, with 3-4 in a litter (Ref. 12951). May be found in cleaning stations where they are attended to by the bluehead wrasse and Spanish hogfish (Ref. 12951). Equipped with a well-developed serrated spine and capable of inflicting a painful laceration. Easily approached by divers (Ref. 9710).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Male mounts on female dorsally (Ref. 12951).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : McEachran, John | Partner

Last, P.R., W.T. White, M.R. de Carvalho, B. Séret, M.F.W. Stehmann and G.J.P. Naylor, 2016. Rays of the world. CSIRO Publishing, Comstock Publishing Associates. i-ix + 1-790. (Ref. 114953)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  Daten mangelhaft (DD) ; Date assessed: 02 February 2006

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

Länder
FAO Gebiete
Ecosystems
Vorkommen
Einführungen
Stocks
Ökologie
Nahrung
Nahrungsorganismen
Nahrungsaufnahme
Nahrungsmenge
Namen
Synonyme
Metabolismus
Räuber
Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
Eientwicklung
Alter/Größe
Wachstum
Länge-Gewicht
Länge-Länge
Längenhäufigkeiten
Morphometrie
Morphologie
Larven
Larven Pop.Dyn.
Rekrutierung
Dichte
Referenzen
Aquakultur
Aquakultur Profil
Zuchtlinien
Genetik
Allel-Häufigkeiten
Vererbbarkeit
Krankheiten
Verarbeitung
Mass conversion
Partner
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Laute
Ciguatera
Geschwindigkeit
Schwimmstil
Kiemenoberfläche
Otoliths
Gehirngröße
Sehfähigkeit

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.7 - 28.1, mean 27.3 (based on 795 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (tmax=28; Fec=3-4).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (77 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Low.